ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (11): 1075-1080.

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季节性情感障碍存在记忆损伤吗?

Erik Nilsson   

  1. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry; Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 收稿日期:2009-09-02 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2009-11-30 发布日期:2009-11-30
  • 通讯作者: Erik Nilsson

Is Memory Impaired in Seasonal Affective Disorder? A Review of Literature

Erik Nilsson   

  1. Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry; Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Received:2009-09-02 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-11-30 Published:2009-11-30
  • Contact: Erik Nilsson

摘要: 季节性情感障碍(Seasonal Affective Disorder, SAD)与轻度到中度的临床抑郁有类似的症状,它通常发生于季节性日照不足的地区。造成该障碍的一个可能原因是褪黑素分泌不足。与非季节性抑郁相比, 季节性抑郁的记忆损伤尚未得到充分研究。以往的研究也发现了一些类似于非季节性抑郁的记忆损伤, 但通常很少达到统计的显著性, 且其采用的测验任务也缺乏分辨力, 未能对损伤进行足够的细节描述。这里对有关文献做一个综述。

关键词: 季节性情感障碍, 临床抑郁, 记忆损伤, 褪黑素分泌

Abstract: Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) has symptoms similar to those of mild to moderate clinical depression, and is common in places where there is seasonally less natural light. A probable cause of the disorder is deficient regulation of melatonin secretion. In contrast to what is the case in non-seasonal depression, memory impairments in SAD are insufficiently studied. Similar impairments to those shown in non-seasonal depression have been shown, but studies are generally to small for reaching statistical significance, and tests employed lack resolution to describe impairments in sufficient detail. A review of available literature is herein reported.

Key words: Seasonal Affective Disorder, clinical depression, memory impairments, melatonin secretion