ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 232-237.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

汉字识别中部件组合的频率效应

韩布新   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所!北京100012
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 韩布新

FREQUENCY EFFECT OF CHARACTER COMPONENTS COMBINATION IN THE RECOGNITION OF CHINESE CHARACTERS

Han Buxin (Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100012)   

  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 用整字识别、整合识别等任务研究部件组合频率在汉字识别中的作用。发现部件组合频率可促进高频两部件合体字的识别(实验一);在先后呈现两组成部件时这种作用仍然存在(实验二);但在识别高频三部件左右型合体字时(实验三),位于左边的部件组合表现出易化作用(田型字);位于右边的部件组合表现出干扰作用(田型字)。部件组合有与部件类似的频率效应。

关键词: 汉字识别, 部件组合, 整合识别, 频率效应

Abstract: Three experiments with different paradigms were conducted to investigate the frequency effect of character components combination in the recognition of Chinese characters. The result of experiment 1 indicated that the combination frequency had significant facilitating effects upon the RT when the task was to name the whole character with 2 components. While in experiment 2,presenting the 2 components separately,the combination frequency also show signifi- cant facilitating effect. When naming the right-left type character combining with 3 character components in experiment 3,the combination frequency had facilitating effect when they were on the left position of the whole character (as in 田 type characters),or inhibitory effect when they were on the right position (as in 田 type characters).

Key words: Chinese character recognition, components combination, integrative recognition, frequency effect