ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (2): 30-38.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

语音和语义编码在语词记忆中的相对效用

喻柏林   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所
  • 出版日期:1986-06-25 发布日期:1986-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 喻柏林

RELATIVE EFFICIENCY OF SENIANTIC AND PHONETIC ENCODIGN IN VERBAL MEMORY

Yu Bolin Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica   

  • Online:1986-06-25 Published:1986-06-25

摘要: 依照控制被试编码信息的方式和负荷,本研究进行了两项实验。它们旨在探明语音和语义编码在语词记忆中的相对效用。结果表明,无论在短时记忆或长时记忆上,也无论在一次性的回忆测验作业或多次试验的重组词对作业上,本研究一致发现,语义编码比语音编码有更好的记忆成绩。推究其原因,这可能与被试加工信息的深度有关。本研究的另一项结果表明,语义和语音信息都能存贮在短时存贮系统和长时存贮系统中。因此,信息和记忆的编码类型跟这两类记忆系统的区分没有什么内在的必然联系。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Two experiments were carried out, using control subjects to encodemodes and loads of information. The purpose was to explore the relativeefficiency of semantic and phonetic encoding in verbal memory. Theresults showed that perfomances of semantic encoding were better thanthose of phonetic encoding in either short-term or long-term memory,and this is also true in either one-trial recall task or multi-trialreconstructing-word-pairs tasks. The reason is perhaps to be found inthe depth of processing information by the subjects. Another result of this research demonstrated that both semanticand phonetic information can be stored in either short-term orlong-term storing system. Thus it can be seen that, there is no inherentrelation between the encoding of information and of memory in the twokinds of memory systems.

Key words: NULL