ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1964, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (2): 42-50.

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双眼輻合方向对视觉垂直判断的影响

彭聃齡   

  • 出版日期:1964-06-25 发布日期:1964-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 彭聃齡

THE INFLUENCE OF THE DIRECTION OF CONVERGENCE ON THE VISUAL VERTICAL JUDGEMENT

PENG TAN-LING   

  • Online:1964-06-25 Published:1964-06-25

摘要: <正> 問題垂直視觉定向是空間视,视知觉的重要問題之一。虽然,在正常条件下,人們借助于外物的参照和自己身体的姿势,能够相当正确地判断外界物体的垂直或水平的方向。但是,在某些特殊性貭的作业(如飞行操作)中,垂直或水平的視觉定向就异常复杂起来。有过飞行經驗的人知道:在飞行时,人們有时就不能正确地分辨上、下、垂直或水平的方向。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: To study the influence of the direction of convergence on the judgement of the visual vertical, Ss were required to gaze straight forward binocularly at a vertical line, and also to gaze askew, starting from this primary position (0°), to the extent of 60° on either side of the body. Binocular observations were compared with monocular observations. The results showed that: (1) the amount of error in vertical judgement is proportional to the increase of the degree of looking askew (0—60°); (2) under both conditions, when looking askew or looking straight forward, the error in vertical judgement with one eye is always much more marked than that with both eyes. On the basis of these results, the author holds that the normal convergence of two eyes and their coordinate movements are necessary conditions for the visual vertical orientation.

Key words: NULL