ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1964, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (2): 21-32.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

視、听語文材料同时識記的干扰与相对优势

叶絢 ;曹日昌   

  • 出版日期:1964-06-25 发布日期:1964-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 叶絢

INTERFERENCE AND DOMINANCE IN SIMULTANEOUS MEMORIZATION OF DIFFERENT VISUALLY AND AURALLY PRESENTED MATERIALS

YEH HSAN, TSAO JIH-CHANG   

  • Online:1964-06-25 Published:1964-06-25

摘要: <正> 問題識記时若有两种或多种感觉通道同时活动,可能彼此助长,也可能相互干扰。这对于了解識記时神經中枢各部分的活动与相互影响可能有一定的启发意义。视、听两种感觉通道在学习时最常应用,两种感觉通道可以同时或先后接受同一的刺激物,也可接受不同的刺激物。以往关于比較視、听材料識記效果的研究較多,結果指出,两种感觉材料的識記效果一般难分高低,主要决定于材料的性貭与被試的經驗等条件。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Lists of 8 words each were presented by means of a tape-recorder. Different lists of words were printed on the back of the tapes. The presentations of the visual and the auditory materials were practically synchronized, and for 4 trials the Ss had to memorize the two different lists simultaneously. Control tests with only visually or aurally presented materials were also carried out.The results indicated that, in comparison with control tests, the efficiency of simultaneous memorization of different visually and aurally presented materials is much lower. The Ss could hardly discover the meaningful connection between the visually, and the aurally presented words. Both the reaction time and the recall time were lengthened and more errors were made. In the first trial, aurally presented materials were remembered better than the visually presented; in the second and the third trial, the dominance was shifted to the visual materials; and in the fourth trial very marked dominance was on the visual side.It is conjectured that when two sense organs are stimulated simultaneously, two centres of excitation may take place on the cerebral cortex. The two centres inhibit each other, so that the general efficiency of memorization is low and there may be a temporary dominance of the one centre over the other. With more practice materials of different modalities may be thoroughly mastered and the two centres of excitation may fuse with each other.

Key words: NULL