ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2023, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (8): 1243-1254.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2023.01243

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇


李琳1,2(), 张小友1,2, 徐亚奎1, 宗博艺1,2, 赵文睿6, 赵革1, 姚猛1, 占竺旋1, 尹大志3,4, 范明霞5   

  1. 1华东师范大学体育与健康学院, 上海 200241
    2华东师范大学青少年健康评价与运动干预教育部重点实验室, 上海 200241
    3华东师范大学心理与认知科学学院, 上海 200062
    4华东师范大学上海市脑功能基因组学重点实验室, 上海 200062
    5华东师范大学上海市磁共振重点实验室, 上海 200062
    6浙江师范大学体育与健康科学学院, 金华 321004
  • 收稿日期:2022-05-31 发布日期:2023-05-12 出版日期:2023-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 李琳, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

Dynamic changes on brain function during early stage of Tai Chi training: A motor imagery-based fMRI study

LI Lin1,2(), ZHANG Xiaoyou1,2, XU Yakui1, ZONG Boyi1,2, ZHAO Wenrui6, ZHAO Ge1, YAO Meng1, ZHAN Zhuxuan1, YIN Dazhi3,4, FAN Mingxia5   

  1. 1College of Physical Education and Health, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    2Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention of Ministry of Education, East China Normal University; Shanghai 200241, China
    3School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    4Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    5Shanghai Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    6College of Physical Education and Health Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinghua 321004, China
  • Received:2022-05-31 Online:2023-05-12 Published:2023-08-25


为了解太极拳技能学习早期大脑功能的动态变化特点, 本研究共招募29名太极拳零基础被试(19名实验组被试, 10名对照组被试), 采用多时点纵向追踪设计, 借助于功能磁共振成像技术, 采集技能学习早期不同时点被试完成运动表象任务时的行为和脑功能数据。结果发现:(1)太极拳技能学习早期, 技能水平表现出先慢后快的变化特征, 运动表象质量也具有变好的趋势; (2)随着太极拳技能水平的提高, 运动表象任务诱发的左侧颞上回和左侧楔前叶的激活显著增强, 且同样表现出先慢后快的变化特征; (3)相关检验发现, 左侧颞上回和左侧楔前叶的激活与运动表象质量以及太极拳技能水平具有中等程度的相关。研究表明, 太极拳技能学习早期, 左侧颞上回和左侧楔前叶会伴随着太极拳技能水平的提高而发生改变, 太极拳技能学习有助于优化与序列动作学习有关的脑区功能。

关键词: 太极拳, 运动技能学习, 运动表象, 功能磁共振成像


Accumulating evidence suggests that regular engagement in physical activity, especially structured physical exercise with complex movement patterns like Tai Chi, is linked to change in brain function as measured by spontaneous and task-evoked neural activities. However, studies on brain function at the early stage of Tai Chi training have yet been conducted despite the fact that understanding changes in neurological activities of motor skill learning at the early stage would facilitate more effective teaching and coaching. To this end, we conducted a longitudinal study in which functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to collect data on brain function and behavioral measures during the early stage of Tai Chi training at multiple time points.

Nineteen college students who had no Tai Chi experience were recruited in this study and they were arranged to attend 14-week Tai Chi training program. Of note, Tai Chi training session was recorded in order to evaluate the quality of Tai Chi form and its skill level (conducted by professor specializing in Tai Chi). Outcome measures were conducted at Week 2, Week 8, and Week 14. Meanwhile, 10 age- and gender-matched college students were considered as control group and they were asked to maintain their unaltered lifestyle with the same outcome measures being arranged at baseline and Week 14. Siemens 3.0 T MRI scanner was used to synchronously collect data on brain function when participants performed a motor imagery task. Group differences on Tai Chi skill level, temporal congruence, and functional activations were investigated using ANOVA while pearson product-moment correlation was performed to examine relationships between them.

Behavioral results showed a learning curve on Tai Chi skill level from slow (Week 2 to Week 8) to fast (after Week 8) as the quality of motor imagery gradually improved. fMRI results showed a similiar pattern of change on brain activities, which changed slowly (Week 2 to Week 8) and increased fastly (after Week 8). Such behavioral changes on skill level were significantly linked to functional activations in the left superior temporal gyrus and the left precuneus.

Motor skill learning has followed a pattern of “slow first, fast later”, which is supported by changes on brain activities in the left superior temporal gyrus and the left precuneus. In addition, Tai Chi is a type of a motor-cognitive exercise with relatively complex movement and its unique routine provides learners with an opportunity to optimize brain function.

Key words: Tai Chi, motor skill learning, motor imagery, fMRI