ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (8): 1257-1265.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01257

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Non-verbal behaviors in counseling

ZHAO Chunxiao; JIANG Guangrong; LIN Xiubin   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, and Hubei Human Development and Mental Health Key Laboratory, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2016-03-07 Online:2016-08-15 Published:2016-08-15
  • Contact: JIANG Guangrong, E-mail:


Non-verbal behaviors are defined as behaviors without linguistic content. As an art of interpersonal communication, psychological counseling emphasizes the use of non-verbal behaviors. Existing researches have demonstrated that appropriate non-verbal behaviors could enhance the counseling process. On the other hand, inappropriate non-verbal behaviors have impeded the counseling process. By reviewing previous studies, main problems in this field were summarized as follows: 1) lack of empirical research; 2) limited to counseling process research; as well as 3) monotonous research methods which lead to stagnation of research. There is a call for a breakthrough in this field, and methods from other relevant fields may help to eliminate the bottleneck.

Key words: psychological counseling, nonverbal behavior, counseling relationship