ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (4): 621-631.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00621

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From Attribution Therapy to Implicit Theories: Carol S. Weck’s Psychological System and Its Impact

LI Kang1; YANG Wendeng2   

  1. (1 College of Education and public Management, Weinan Normal University, Weinan 714099, China) (2 College of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China)
  • Received:2014-08-27 Online:2015-04-15 Published:2015-04-15
  • Contact: YANG Wendeng, E-mail:


To better understand the psychological theory system of Carol S. Dweck, who is the contemporary American psychologist, we have analyzed her academic achievements systematically, then we divide her theories into four successive themes by the time dimension: (a) Theme of the relationship between learned helplessness and attribution; (b) Theme of achievement goal theory; (c) Implicit theories of intelligence theme; (d) Theme of implicit theories. These themes have promoted the development of psychological theories of attribution, intelligence, motivation, personality, etc. and have been widely used in practice in the field of health, education, interpersonal relationships and management, and have had a profound impact in academia and society.

Key words: Dweck, implicit theory, mindset, achievement goal theory, implicit intelligence