ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 141-148.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00141

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


佐斌1, 温芳芳1(), 宋静静2, 代涛涛1   

  1. 1 华中师范大学心理学院暨社会心理研究中心, 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430079
    2 中国地质大学应用心理研究所, 武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-18 出版日期:2019-01-15 发布日期:2018-11-23
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目(31571147);国家社科基金重大项目(18ZDA331);国家社科基金青年项目(13CSJ 078);华中师范大学中央基本科研业务费重大培育项目(CCNU18ZDPY12)资助

The characteristics, dimensions and psychological effect of social categorization

ZUO Bin1, WEN Fangfang1(), SONG Jingjing2, DAI Taotao1   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Center for Studies of Social Psychology, Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
    2 Institute of Applied Psychology, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2017-10-18 Online:2019-01-15 Published:2018-11-23


社会分类是个体基于共享相似性将人群分为不同类别的一种主观心理过程, 具有自动化,灵活性和潜在模糊性等特性.社会分类的维度既包括性别,年龄和种族等自然线索, 也包括语言,职业和社会身份等重要社会线索.在社会分类过程中, 不同维度往往具有相对重要性, 表现为优势维度效应; 不同维度相互之间也会发生作用, 产生交叉分类效应, 研究者从不同的视角对这种交叉分类效应进行了解释.未来研究应该采用多样化的方法和技术从分类主体,分类目标,分类情境以及社会文化因素等多角度探讨社会分类的心理加工机制, 构建更具整合性的社会分类理论模型.

关键词: 社会分类, 心理特性, 线索维度, 优势维度效应, 交叉分类


Social categorization is a subjective process in which an individual classifies others into groups based on perceived similarities. Social categories are often automatic, flexible and multifaceted, including dimensions of both natural cues (such as gender, age and race) and social cues (such as language, occupation and social status). In such multidimensional social categories (e.g., “rich old celibate bachelor”), some of the constituent categorical dimensions contribute disproportionately to the traits attributed to the category overall. This is termed the “dominant dimension effect,” and is influenced by the valence of the dimensions. Different dimensions will also interact with each other, resulting in a cross-categorization effect. We review these effects in the context of social categorization, and highly important questions that remain for social psychologists interested in processing mechanism of social categorization from the perspective of observer, actor and social situation.

Key words: social categorization, psychological characteristics, dimensions of cues, dominant dimension effect, cross categorization