ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1878-1889.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01878

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


张玥1,2, 窦东徽1(), 辛自强1   

  1. 1中央财经大学社会与心理学院心理学系, 北京 100081
    2 北京师范大学心理学部, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-02 出版日期:2018-10-15 发布日期:2018-08-27
  • 通讯作者: 窦东徽
  • 基金资助:

The effect of construal levels on self-control

ZHANG Yue1,2, DOU Donghui1(), XIN Ziqiang1   

  1. 1 Department of Psychology at School of Sociology and Psychology, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
    2 Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2017-05-02 Online:2018-10-15 Published:2018-08-27
  • Contact: DOU Donghui


解释水平理论认为自我控制是人们依据对事件整体的高解释水平方式而非局部的低解释水平方式做出决策和完成任务。对时间折扣、坚持和健康行为以及前瞻性自我控制的研究表明高解释水平会促进自我控制。高解释水平是通过改变对诱惑的加工(包含对诱惑的态度和诱惑的激活模式)来促进自我控制, 但这种促进作用会受到目标和任务属性(重要性、难度、效价、完成时间和呈现方式)以及解释水平线索属性(外显和内隐)的调节。解释水平理论视角下的自我控制研究可以拓宽自我控制双系统理论和资源理论的视野, 如提供可能的边界条件和认知机制。未来研究还需要深入挖掘解释水平影响自我控制的内在机制和生理基础, 重视心理距离的影响以及加强对自控能力的长期追踪研究。

关键词: 解释水平, 自我控制, 心理距离


Construal Level Theory considered that self-control was broadly conceptualized as making decisions and acting in accordance with global, high-level construal of the situation rather than local, low-level construal. Researches concerning temporal discount, persistence, healthy behaviors and prospective self-control showed that high construal level promotes self-control. Moreover, the effect of high-level construal on self-control was mediated by attitudes toward temptations and asymmetric temptation-goal. The effect is modulated by the characteristics of task and goal (e.g. goal value and difficulty, valence, response style, manifestation of goals) and presence of high level construal cue (explicit or implicit). In summary, the present approach, which considers self-control as a construal-dependent decision, extended self-control Dual-Model and Ego-Depletion Model and provided some more possible psychological mechanisms. Therefore, further research should focus on mechanisms of the positive construal level and self-control association, investigate effects of psychological distance on such association and look into this association from longitudinal perspective.

Key words: construal level, self-control, psychological distance