ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (9): 1544-1551.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01544

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


张 颖 ;杨 付   

  1.  (西南财经大学工商管理学院, 成都 611130)
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-14 出版日期:2017-09-15 发布日期:2017-07-14
  • 通讯作者: 杨付, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
     国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(71502141); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(JBK170112)。

 Proactive personality: Mechanisms and future directions

 ZHANG Ying; YANG Fu   

  1.  (School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China)
  • Received:2016-11-14 Online:2017-09-15 Published:2017-07-14
  • Contact: YANG Fu, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  主动性人格(proactive personality)作为一种独特的人格特质, 指采取积极行动去影响所处环境的一种个体倾向。主动性高的个体善于发现机会, 抓住机会, 并且不断地坚持目标。研究者梳理了主动性人格的起源和概念、测量方法, 阐述了主动性人格的实施效果、中介机制和调节机制, 强化了中国本土文化的权变作用。未来研究应继续完善主动性人格的概念、开发符合时代特征的测量工具、拓展其研究层次与实施效果。

关键词:  主动性, 主动性人格, 中介机制, 调节机制, 中国组织情境

Abstract:  Proactive personality, a special trait, refers to a disposition toward taking personal initiatives to influence one’s environment. Employees with high proactive personality are more likely to identify and seek opportunities, and stick to their goals. By systematically reviewing and integrating the existing literature on proactive personality, this study summarizes proactive personality’s origin and concept, measurements, consequences, mediating mechanisms and moderating mechanisms, and the moderating effects of Chinese indigenous culture. We identify the trends of future research and point out that future research should focus on improving concept, developing new measurement that fits to cultural and economic background, and expanding research levels and consequences.

Key words:  proactive, proactive personality, mediating mechanisms, moderating mechanisms, Chinese organizational context