ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (2): 370-380.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00370

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    


陈维扬;谢 天   

  1. (武汉大学哲学学院心理学系, 武汉 430072)
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-30 出版日期:2017-02-15 发布日期:2017-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 谢天, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Social change in the eyes of laypersons: How they perceive society’s past, present, and future

CHEN Weiyang; XIE Tian   

  1. (Department of Psychology, School of Philosophy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
  • Received:2016-06-30 Online:2017-02-15 Published:2017-02-15
  • Contact: XIE Tian, E-mail:


常人视角的社会变迁研究关注普通大众对社会过去、现在、未来的感知和认识, 三者之间的联系, 及其对个体现实行动策略的影响。相关理论主要包括历史表征理论和社会变迁知觉理论。历史表征是人们对社会历史感知所形成的看法和观念, 具有共享性、多样性、动态性等特征, 它受到冲突、认同定位等因素的影响, 作用机制包括锚定、对象化等, 能够影响个体的现实行动与态度。社会变迁知觉指常人对于社会发展和变化的朴素认知, 它受信念、特定社会事件、经济状况等因素的影响, 并能够影响个体的现实行动与态度。未来研究可从常人视角出发, 探究集体记忆对历史表征的影响、文化传统对社会变迁知觉的影响, 联系社会现实研究历史表征与未来表征, 从多角度测量常人的社会变迁知觉, 结合其它领域研究建构常人视角的一般性理论。

关键词: 社会变迁, 历史表征, 历史表征理论, 社会变迁知觉理论


The layperson’s perspective in social change research focuses on laypersons’ perception and understanding of society’s past, present, and future, the relationship among them, as well as their impact on individual’s practical actions. Related theories include historical representation theory and social change perception theory. Historical representation refers to a stock of ideas and beliefs about history among the members of a group that have the characteristics of sharing, diversity, and dynamics. Historical representation is influenced by conflict and identity positioning, while its mechanisms include anchoring and objectification, it can also affect an individual’s practical actions and attitudes. Social change perception refers to laypersons’ folk perception of societal development. This kind of perception can be affected by beliefs, social events, and economic factors and can affect an individual’s practical actions and attitudes. Future studies on layperson’s perspective of social change could pay more attention to the effects of collective memory on historical representation and the influence of cultural factors on social change perception. Furthermore, research needs to examine the social reality of China, to study the historical representation and future representation of Chinese people, to measure laypersons’ social change perception from diverse perspectives, and perhaps also to construct a general theory of the layperson’s perspective.

Key words: social change, historical representation, historical representation theory, social change perception theory