ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (8): 1461-1466.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01461

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1北京林业大学人文学院, 北京 100083) (2北京师范大学心理学院, 北京100875)
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-14 出版日期:2015-08-15 发布日期:2015-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 李明, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Dialogical Self: Self as Dynamic Multiple Position Space

LV Renhui1,2; Li Ming1   

  1. (1 School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China)
    (2 School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
  • Received:2014-07-14 Online:2015-08-15 Published:2015-08-15
  • Contact: Li Ming, E-mail:


对话自我理论(Dialogical Self theory, DST)由赫尔曼斯(Hubert J.M. Hermans)在20世纪90年代提出。该理论汇通了詹姆斯主/客我区分和后现代叙事理念, 受复调小说启发, 将自我解构成“动态的内外立场交织对话的想象空间”。对话自我阐明了外在他者通过自我立场(I-position)参与自我的建构和发展, 自我的多重立场性和内在对话对人格的塑造正在成为实证研究的新热点。非线性动力系统模型可用于说明对话自我的动态发展, 超越了科学研究范式下对自我的认识。未来研究应关注理论缺陷, 重视对主我(I)认识不足这一问题, 借鉴东方心理学思想, 寻找“主体何以研究自身”的解决之道。

关键词: 对话自我, 对话, 立场, 他者, 主我


Dialogical Self theory (DST) is proposed by Hubert J. M. Hermans in the 1990s. This theory is influenced by James’ I-me distinction, a postmodern narrative approach and inspired by the polyphonic novel. In the framework of DST, the self is deconstructed into a dynamic imaginary space filled with inside and outside positions in intertwined dialogue. By taking the I-position, the other plays a significant role in the establishment and development of the self. The ways that inner dialogue shapes personality and multiple positions in self have become the new focus in empirical studies. The model of a nonlinear dynamic system is used to indicate the dynamic and complex development of the dialogical self, which is the transcendence of self-study within the scientific paradigm. Future research should pay attention to theory deficiency, giving more emphasis on the function of I and learning from Eastern psychology to address the problem of "how the subject studies itself".

Key words: dialogical self, dialogue, position, the other, I