ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1807-1817.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01807

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


束晨晔1, 沈汪兵1,2,3(), 赵源1   

  1. 1 河海大学公共管理学院暨应用心理研究所, 南京 211100
    2 河海大学商学院, 南京 211100
    3 荷兰莱顿大学社会与行为科学学部, 莱顿, 2333 AK
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-28 出版日期:2018-10-15 发布日期:2018-08-27
  • 通讯作者: 沈汪兵
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金(31500870);中央高校基本科研业务费项目(2017B14514);中国博士后基金(2017M6216 03);国家留学基金(201706715037);江苏高校哲学社会科学基金的阶段性成果(2017SJB0649)

The effect of ZEN on creative thinking

SHU Chenye1, SHEN Wangbing1,2,3(), ZHAO Yuan1   

  1. 1 School of Public Administration and Institute of Applied Psychology, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
    2 Business School, Hohai University, Nanjing 211100, China
    3 Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Leiden University, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands
  • Received:2017-06-28 Online:2018-10-15 Published:2018-08-27
  • Contact: SHEN Wangbing


禅修是一种能够对人类心理有广泛影响的训练工具。作为两种重要、相似但又不同的禅修方式, 冥想和正念对创造性思维中的发散思维和聚合思维产生了不同影响。在发散思维方面, 冥想主要通过对注意调控和无意识激活影响以及对解题动机和情绪的有效调控两方面显著增强了发散思维, 尤其是认知灵活性; 在聚合思维方面, 正念和冥想的影响相当复杂, 主要是通过聚合思维所需的执行功能和可能涉及表征重构来促进定势转移或功能固着的消除。就机制而言, 禅修对创造性思维的影响总体上不仅得益于走神时的无意识关联加工, 而且受禅修中诱发的情绪效应的调节。基于这些, 对未来研究的趋势进行了展望。

关键词: 禅修, 创造性思维, 发散思维, 聚合思维


It is known that as a training tool, ZEN has an extensive influence on human’s mental processes. In terms of divergent thinking and convergent thinking, the two important, similar but different ways of ZEN show significant differences. Meditation improves divergent thinking mainly based on cognitive flexibility and other factors such as attention strategies, the unconscious activation, the problem-solving motivation and emotion regulation; in terms of convergent thinking, by means of regulating executive function and possible cognitive restructuring, mindfulness can promote the transformation of set or functional fixedness. In terms of the mechanism, enhancing effect of ZEN on creative thinking not only benefits from the unconscious associative processing when the mind wanders, but also is adjusted by emotion effect induced by ZEN. This article sorts out the above-mentioned questions systematically, then points out the deficiencies of previous studies and prospects several future research directions.

Key words: Zen Training, creative thinking, divergent thinking, convergent thinking