ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 609-626.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00609

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (北京大学心理与认知科学学院, 行为与心理健康北京市重点实验室, 北京 100871)
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-01 出版日期:2017-04-15 发布日期:2017-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 苏彦捷, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:31371040, 31571134)资助。

The psychological effects of mating motive

SU Jinlong; SU Yanjie   

  1. (School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences and Beijing Key laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China)
  • Received:2016-09-01 Online:2017-04-15 Published:2017-04-15
  • Contact: SU Yanjie, E-mail:


演化心理学认为人类的心理机能受到演化压力的塑造, 性选择作为重要的演化动力因素, 在人类心理机能的形成过程中扮演着重要角色。与性选择密切相连的求偶动机可以影响包括注意、知觉、记忆、决策及社会行为在内的一系列心理现象和行为, 但求偶动机操控方法的混乱及研究过程中对文化和层级选择的忽视制约了这一领域工作的开展。进一步深化相关研究, 以行为数据为基础, 从神经、激素和基因层面建构立体的研究框架对于揭示背后机制有着重要作用。

关键词: 演化心理学, 求偶动机, 性选择, 启动, 神经计算系统


Evolutionary psychologists believe that human mental functions are adaptive and shaped by evolution. As an important evolutionary force, sexual selection plays important roles in the evolution of human mental functions. Mating motive is usually regarded as closely associated with sexual selection. By priming participants with vignettes or attractive opposite-sex faces to induce mating motive, studies have found that it could impact a wide range of cognitive processes, including attention, perception, memory, decision making, plus social behavior. Intrasexual selection, intersexual selection and parental investment are classic theories employed to explain the effects of mating motive. However, they fail to embrace the roles of culture and hierarchical selection. Also, more replications of studies and solid paradigms, plus behavioral and neurobiological data, are indispensable for establishing a psychological framework of mating motive.

Key words: evolutionary psychology, mating motive, sexual selection, priming, neurocomputational systems