ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (11): 1747-1756.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01747

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Children’s Reactive Attachment Disorder: Etiology, Diagnosis and Intervention

ZHANG XiaoLu; CHEN Xu   

  1. (Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University; Key laboratory of Cognition and Personality (SWU), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400715, China)
  • Received:2014-05-06 Online:2014-11-15 Published:2014-11-15
  • Contact: CHEN Xu, E-mail:


The reactive attachment disorder in children is a psycho-social disorder. This disorder is found not only in the institution, but also in the normal families. Moreover, its etiology might be associated with early attachment relationships, the genetic gene and individual’s cognitive processing ability. So far diagnosis of the reactive attachment disorder is mainly based on the DSM-Ⅳ,DSM-5 and the RDC-PA, and its assessment tool is the assessment package. Yet, the intervention of the reactive attachment disorder is still in the exploratory stage. Future research could focus on the improvement of the diagnostic standard and assessment tools, efficacy of various therapies and exploration the domestic characteristics of reactive attachment disorder. Especially, attention should also pay to its underlying neural mechanisms.

Key words: reactive attachment disorder, etiology, diagnosis, intervention