ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (7): 789-798.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2022.00789

• Reports of Empirical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Influence of voluntary action, nature of outcomes on sense of agency under different predictability

Bu Yu-Bo, Li Li-Hong, Lv Xiang-Ling, Guo Hong-Yuan, An Can-Ling, Wang Ling-Yun()   

  1. School of psychology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2021-05-06 Published:2022-07-25 Online:2022-05-19
  • Contact: Wang Ling-Yun
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China's Education Major Project "Research on Evaluation of Students' Aesthetic Education under the Background of Education Modernization"(VLA200005)


The current study investigates on influence of levels of voluntary action, nature (self-interest, altruistic, neutral) and predictability of action-outcomes on sense of agency (SoA) by interval estimation. Results showed that participants' SoA was enhanced when they had more freedom to act, regardless of nature and predictability of outcomes. Under obedient condition, i.e. low level of voluntary action, SoA was enhanced by self-interest outcomes versus altruistic outcomes when outcomes were predictable, nevertheless, when outcomes were unpredictable, there was no difference of the SoA under the condition of self-interest outcomes or altruistic outcomes, but both were weaker than neutral ones. It reveals the crucial role of subjective intention of action in the generation of SoA. At the same time, under the low level of voluntary action, whether the result of action for self-interest or altruistic moral attribute can be predicted has different influence on the individual's SoA. The results show that the action with self-interest or altruistic moral attribute has a top-down regulating effect on SoA, and this regulating effect is more prominent in the low voluntary action.

Key words: sense of agency, voluntary action, nature of outcomes, predictability, temporal binding effect