ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (7): 746-757.doi: 10.3724/SPJ.1041.2021.00746

• Reports of Empirical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of contextual facilitation and inhibitory reaction in lexical ambiguity resolution for the Han and Uyghur nationalities

YANG Qun1, ZHANG Jijia2(), FAN Conghui3   

  1. 1 Center for the Cognitive Science of Language, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing 100083, China
    2 Faculty of Education, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541001, China
    3 School of Liberal Arts, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
  • Received:2020-06-14 Online:2021-05-24
  • Supported by:
    “Research on the cognitive law of bilingual learning of ethnic minority students”(Project No.: 2017-GMA-004);ethnic research youth project of the State Ethmic Affairs Commission“Research on the law of Xinjiang ethnic minorities learning national common language”(Project No.: 2020-GMC-50);Beijing Language and Culture University research project“context promoting effect and inhibition mechanism in Chinese ambiguity resolution of Uighur and Han college students"(special fund for basic research business of Central University, 20YJ190001)


Lexical ambiguity is a common phenomenon in language. In Chinese, there are many kinds of ambiguous words, which is one of the important reasons that ethnic minority students have difficulty in learning Chinese. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the contextual facilitation and context-inhibiting effects of Uygur and Han Chinese college students on the resolution of Chinese ambiguous words. The results showed that the contextual facilitation effect appeared in both nationalities, but the contextual facilitation effect of Han nationality students was significantly greater than that of Uygur nationality students under the condition of short-term processing; there is no significant difference in the contextual facilitation effect between the two nationalities under the condition of long-term processing. Under the condition of short-time processing, only Han nationality students can effectively restrain the interference of irrelevant information, and under the condition of long-time processing, students of both nationalities can effectively restrain the interference of irrelevant information. The whole study shows that with the increase of processing time, Uygur college Students’ contextual facilitation effect and inhibition of irrelevant information can reach the same level as Han college students.

Key words: the Uyghur nationality, lexical ambiguity resolution, contextual facilitation, reaction inhibitor