ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

›› 2009, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (09): 902-910.

Previous Articles    

Jing Qicheng’s Thoughts and Practice of International Psychology

YANG Wen-Deng;YE Hao-Sheng   

  1. Institute of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2008-12-02 Revised:1900-01-01 Published:2009-09-30 Online:2009-09-30
  • Contact: YE Hao-Sheng

Abstract: Jing Qicheng is a well-known psychologist in contemporary China, and also the representative of Chinese psy-chologists in international world after the open and reform policy was carried out in China. He is both a remarkable experimental psychologist and a theoretical psychologist who has a very solid foundation. The paper doesn’t mention the contributions he made in cognitive and developmental psychology, it just analyzes his international psychological thoughts and practices theoretically to search for his basic attitude and values in psychology.
Having got the developmental clues of psychology macroscopically, Jing divides the present Psychology into “two groups of Psychology”. One is the “mechanical group”, in which human beings are the passive me-chanics; another is the “Humanistic Psychology Group”, which emphasizes men’s active function. Considering the physiological function of Psychology to be its main research objective, the mechanical group follows the behaviorists’ route and accepts the experimental method as its main research approach, which origins from the old philosophy of associationism. “Humanistic Psychology Group” includes psychologists from the social, clinical, and consulting fields. Their work is connected with the nature of human beings. They construct their theories by means of researching, observing, and experimenting, but their opinions differ from each other, thus it is a loose group with a lot of members. Knowing the present situation of modern psychology, he analyzed the developmental trend of Psychology, and believed that future of Psychology will be a kind of international psy-chology. He holds the opinion that consciousness and behavior are to be mingled and converged into a real in-ternational psychology regardless of the school, nation, culture and history. In his opinion, the cultural charac-teristics of psychology do exist, but the international features play a more important part. Experimental, theo-retical and practical psychologies are all the necessities of psychology and members of the big psychology fam-ily. Among psychology and other disciplines, among the internal members of psychology, and among the psy-chologies of different nations, active exchanges are beneficial to all aspects.
To realize his academic dream as early as possible, Jing Qicheng had tried his best to pursue it all his life. Jing not only introduced the outside psychology into China and spread the Chinese psychology to the interna-tional world, but also actively participated in the international psychological organizations. He was a leader of the International Union of Psychological Science, organized and hosted the 28th International Congress of Psy-chology. All his life, Jing had made great contributions in highlighting the international aspect of Psychology, promoting the exchange of international Psychology, and pushing the Chinese psychology into the world stage.

Key words: Jing Qicheng, international psychology, Chinese Psychological Society, International Union of Psychological Science, practice