ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (04): 85-91.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

评价中心的构想效度和结构模型

吴志明;张厚粲   

  1. 清华大学经济管理学院,北京师范大学心理系 北京100084 ,北京100875
  • 出版日期:2001-08-25 发布日期:2001-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴志明

THE CONSTRUCT VALIDITY AND STRUCTURE MODELING OF ASSESSMENT CENTER

Wu Zhiming (School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084) Zhang Houcan (Department of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875)   

  • Online:2001-08-25 Published:2001-08-25

摘要: 采用多质多法和验证性因素分析的方法 ,对以无领导小组讨论、文件筐和人格测验构成的一个评价中心的构想效度和结构模型进行了研究。通过对 13 6名被试在四个测评维度上的施测 ,其结果表明 ,在评价中心中会聚效度低于区分效度 ,影响评价中心测评结果的主要因素是测评方法而不是测评维度 ,从而得到了一个以测评方法为潜变量的评价中心结构模型。从该结构模型来看 ,评价中心之所以起作用是由于其多个测评方法 (情景 )的结果 ,表明测评情景对于构建评价中心有着至关重要的作用。

关键词: 评价中心, 构想效度, 结构模型

Abstract: In this study, we used multitrait multimethod matrices and confirmatory factor analysis to examine the construct validity or structural models of a set of instruments making up an assessment center (AC). The AC consisted of three exercises tapping multiple performance dimensions. The three exercises included leaderless group discussions, in basket exercises, and personality questionnaires. One hundred and thirty six employees were assessed on four ability dimensions using these exercises. The convergent validity was found to be lower than the discriminant validity. These and other results suggest that AC ratings on various ability dimensions across multiple exerciese are situation specific rather than dimension specific. That is, the latent factors underlying AC ratings represent method but not trait dimensions.

Key words: assessment center, construct validity, structure modeling