ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (04): 57-61.

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小学生生活压力、学业成就与其适应行为的关系

俞国良;陈诗芳   

  1. 天津师范大学心理与行为研究中心,台湾政治大学 天津300073中央教育科学研究所,北京100088 ,台北
  • 出版日期:2001-08-25 发布日期:2001-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 俞国良

THE RELATIONSHIP OF EVENT STRESS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT TOBEHAVIORAL ADJUSTMENT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Yu Guoliang (Institute of Psychological and Behaviord Research,Tianjing NormalOniversity, Tianjin 300073) (China National Institute of Education Research, Beijing 100088) Chen Shifang (Taiwan Political University, Taibei)   

  • Online:2001-08-25 Published:2001-08-25

摘要: 探讨了 4— 6年级小学生的生活压力状况 ,并请其班主任评价适应状况 ,以探讨生活压力、学业成就与适应行为的关系。研究结果表明 :小学生最常经历的负性生活压力事件的来源以学习成绩为主 ;其生活压力随年龄的增长呈上升的趋势 ,无性别差异 ;小学生的适应行为在班主任的评价中 ,男生有更多的不适应行为 ;在年龄差异方面 ,六年级学生的依赖性较低 ;而适应行为的有效预测变量为学业成就、性别、家庭月收入、日常生活压力及年龄

关键词: 生活压力, 学业成就, 适应行为

Abstract: This paper discussed the life event stress status of elementary school pupils through 4-6 grades, and examined the relationship of life event stress and academic achievement to the behavioral adjustment which were appraised by their teacher in charge of the class. Results showed: The major negative stress in elementary school pupil's life was academic achievement. The elementary school pupil's life event stress increased by age and without gender difference. Boys were more behaviorally maladjusted and the 6 th grade pupil's were less dependent on the teacher′s appraisement. Regression analyses indicated that academic achievement, gender, family income, life event stress and age were significantly predictive of the pupil's behavioral adjustment.

Key words: life stress, academic achievement, behavioral adjustment