ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (04): 386-392.

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领域知识与自我解释策略间关系的实验研究

裴利芳;朱新明;林仲贤   

  1. 中国科学院心理所
  • 出版日期:1997-12-25 发布日期:1997-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 裴利芳

SELF-EXPLANATION STRATEGIES IN LEARNICG FROM EXAMPLES

Pei Lifang Zhu Xinming Lin Zhongxian(Institute of Psychology ,CAS)   

  • Online:1997-12-25 Published:1997-12-25

摘要: 从领域知识的个体差异的角度,研究领域知识与自我解释策略之间的关系,探讨自我解释在示例学习中的作用。研究结果表明,(1)在学习示例时,高领域知识组被试倾向于使用发现意义和建立新旧信息间联结的解释策略对示例进行认知加工;低领域知识组被试主要采用句法加工策略对示例进行加工;(2)领域知识对监控活动的制约,主要体现在被试监控到理解失败之后所采取的对策上。高领域知识组被试利用解释策略解决问题,低领域知识组被试利用句法加工策略解决问题。

关键词: 示例学习, 高领域知识, 低领域知识, 自我解释

Abstract: Learning from examples has been studied by many researchers,many problems need to be studied .The relationships between the domain-specific knowledge and the self-explanation strategies were examined.The conclusions of the experimental research were ws follows:(1).The subjects of the high domain-specific knowledge preferred to apply the explanatory strategies of finding meaning and establishing the relationships between the new and old knowledge,while the ones of the low domain-specific knowledge were inclined to use the syntactic processing strategy ;(2).The subjects of the high domain-specific knowledgeresolved predicament with explanatory strategies when they monitored understanding failure,while the subjects of the low domain-specific knowledge resolved predicamentwith the syntactic processing strategy .

Key words: Learning from examples, self-explanation strategy , high domain-specific knowlegdge, low domain-specific knowledge