ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (03): 245-251.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

对选择注意中负启动效应的研究

李雅林   

  1. 华南师范大学心理系!广州,510631
  • 出版日期:1996-09-25 发布日期:1996-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 李雅林

A STUDY ON NEGATIVE PRIMING EFFECT IN SELECTIVE ATTENTION

Li Yalin (Department of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631 )   

  • Online:1996-09-25 Published:1996-09-25

摘要: 以数字命名作业为任务对选择注意中的负启动效应作了探讨,发现在强调反应正确性时,有负启动效应产生;若强调反应速度,则表现出正启动效应。干扰项的活动状态是启动效应性质的决定因素。研究结果还验证了扩散抑制及其扇形效应的构想,并支持注意后期选择理论。

关键词: 选择性注意, 正启动, 负启动, 扩散抑制, 扩散抑制的扇形效应

Abstract: Negative priming effect of distractor in selective attention was investigated by Arabic or Chinese digit naming tasks. When stressing the accuracy of digit naming, the priming effect of distractor was negative; positive priming effect was found when stressing the reaction speed. The results suggested that the activation state of distractors is a critical factor to the nature of priming effect. The spreading inhibition of distractor, inhibition-based fan effect, and the theory of late-selection were generally supported.

Key words: selective attention, positive priming, negative priming, spreading inhibition, inhibition-based fan effect