ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (01): 3-9.

• •    下一篇

脑损害时的视知觉和视觉记忆障碍

汤慈美;刘颖;阎希威   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所北京 ,北京市神经外科研究所 ,北京市神经外科研究所
  • 出版日期:1990-03-25 发布日期:1990-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 汤慈美

DISORDERS OF VISUAL PERCEPTION AND VISUAL MEMORY IN BRAIN DAMAGED PATIENTS

Tang Cimei;Liu Yin;Yan Xiwei Institute of psychology, Academia Sinica Beijing Neurosurgical Institute   

  • Online:1990-03-25 Published:1990-03-25

摘要: 用复杂图形对82例脑瘤或脑血管畸形患者进行了测查,发现脑损害患者临摹复杂图形时易于发生一些在正常人中没有或极少见的错误,如片断性感知、空间相对位置错误和空间位置估计错误等。片断性感知以左脑中后部病变时较多见,空间相对位置错误以右脑中后部病变时较多见。空间位置估计错误与定侧关系不大,但以大脑中后部病变时较多见。 在回忆复杂图形时脑损害患者在细节遗漏和移位等方面在程度上比正常人更严重,有部分患者还表现为只回忆出部分细节而无图形轮廓的现象。这种现象在正常人中未曾出现。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: The Complex Figure Test (CFT) was used to test 82 patients with brain damage and 62 normal subjects. The fragmented or piecemeal appr- oach to copying the complex figure was observed in 23.3% brain damag- ed patients. The patients with left hemisphere lesions displayed more fra- gmented approach than those with right hemisphere lesions did, while the later made more figures disorganized in spatial arrangement of the eleme- nts. There was no difference in the errors of spatial estimation between patients with left and right hemisphere lesions. Most brain damaged patients tended to lose, distort or confuse many of the elements of the figures in the recall trial. When they attempted to recall the Rey Figure, some of them only memorized several segmental details with no overall configuration for form.

Key words: NULL