ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (01): 60-64.

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从大脑损伤引起的阅读障碍探讨阅读认知的心理过程

胡超群   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所
  • 出版日期:1986-03-25 发布日期:1986-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 胡超群

A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF READING DISABILITY CAUSED BY BRAIN DAMAGE ON THE COGNITIVE PROCESS OF READING

Hu Chaoqun Institute of Psychology,Academia Sinica   

  • Online:1986-03-25 Published:1986-03-25

摘要: 本文通过对两例由大脑损伤引起不同阅读障碍的个案分析研究,作出两点推论:第一、阅读理解过程经历着两个不同层级的信息加工处理阶段:(1)字词层级的认知—掌握字词的形、音、义及其连系,(2)语句层级的阅读理解——语句的句法分析,掌握语句的意义;第二、语句层级的理解是一个更起作用、更积极的能动过程。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: On the basis of two typical case studies of different readingdisabilities caused by brain damage, this paper tries to maketwo inferences: 1. The reading process undergoes two different levels of informationporcessing: (1) The level of word recognition, i. e., of grasping theshape, phoneme and meaning of the words and the connections betweenthem; (2) the level of sentence comprehension, i. e., of syntactic analysisand semantic understanding. 2. The psychological activity at the sentence level plays a moreactive and effective dynamic role in the reading and understandingprocess.

Key words: NULL