ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (01): 19-26.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

练习方式和预定目标对射击学习的影响

杨博民   

  1. 北京大学心理学系
  • 出版日期:1986-03-25 发布日期:1986-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨博民

THE INFLUENCE OF WAYS OF TRAINING AND PREDETERMINED CRITERION OF THE NUMBER OF HITS ON SHOOTING PRACTICE

Yang Bomin Peking University   

  • Online:1986-03-25 Published:1986-03-25

摘要: 本文针对当前射击训练中有待解决的问题做了两个模拟实验。主要结果是:①在半小时前后各射击20次,中间休息14—18分钟的情况下,其射击成绩显著地优于连续射击100次者,并能达到多次间时射击100次者的水平;②揭示了动觉辨别训练在促进射击练习中的重要作用;③对击中靶心的次数有预定目标者的射击成绩远远超过无预定目标者。这项研究对提高射击技术训练的效率和节约子弹都具有一定的意义,对其它运动项目的训练也有参考价值。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Two simulated experiments were performed to investigate somepractical problems in marksmanship training. The main results were asfollows: (1)The score of those making half an hour's practice in twoperiods of 20 trials separated by 14 to 18-minutes rest interval wassignificantly better than that of those making 100 trials in succession,and virtually equalled the score of those making 100 trials with severalrest intervals in between. (2) The important role of kinestheticdiscrimination training in improving the method of shooting practicewas evidently manifested.(3)The score of those aiming at fulfilling apredetermined criterion qf the number of hits greatly surpassed that ofthose having no such criterion in mind. This study would have somesignificance to raising the efficiency of shooting practice and cuttingdown bullet consumption, and might also be helpful to training programsin other sports.

Key words: NULL