ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1965, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (01): 52-58.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

一年级学生理解应用题的思维过程及其特点

肖前瑛   

  1. 陕西师范大学
  • 出版日期:1965-03-25 发布日期:1965-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 肖前瑛

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE THINKING PROCESS OF SOLVING VERBAL ARITHMETICAL PROBLEMS BY FIRST GRADE CHILDREN

HSIAO CHIEN-YING   

  • Online:1965-03-25 Published:1965-03-25

摘要: <正> 問題 在小学数学教学中,应用題教学是具有重要意义的。学习应用題既能帮助儿童更好地掌握基本数学概念,培养儿童运用計算技巧解决实际問題的能力,同时也是发展儿童邏輯思維的手段。所以培养儿童解答应用題的能力是小学数学教学中重要的一环。 解答应用題是一种复杂的智力活动。儿童的語文水平、运算技巧虽然对解答应用題有一定的影响,但是解答应用題的先决条件是儿童了解組成題目的数量間的联系及相依关系。在教学中常常发現有些儿童虽然能机械地指出題目中的条件与問題,但不知道問

关键词: NULL

Abstract: The experimental results indicated that the thinking process of solving verbal arithmetical problems by first grade children is of more concrete imagery thinking at the beginning, and that the verbal thinking takes place only at the later stage. During the course of learning in the first school year, the children use less and less concrete imagery for the understanding of verbal problems, and the abstract or verbal analysis develops gradually. If the teacher grasps the main contradictions involved in the development of children's thinking, and arranges the teaching and exercises accordingly, the children's ability of abstract thinking may develop more rapidly. In general the 7 years old children are capable of abstract thinking in certain fields. In the teaching of verbal problems in the first grade, the teacher should not only consider the characteristics of children's thinking, but also put emphasis on the conditions facilitating the development of children's abstract thinking.

Key words: NULL