ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1962, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (03): 78-91.

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关于飞行能力的心理学預測問題

荊其誠 ;林仲賢   

  • 出版日期:1962-09-25 发布日期:1962-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 荊其誠

PROBLEMS CONCERNING THE PREDICTION OF SUCCESSFUL AIRCRAFT PILOTS

CHING CHI-CHENGM LIN CHUNG-HSIEN   

  • Online:1962-09-25 Published:1962-09-25

摘要: <正> 在航空事业发展的初期,最早建立空軍的一些国家,对飞行員的选拔沒有什么严格規定,只要对飞行有兴趣的人均可报名入伍。但是很快就暴露出一些严重的問題。据統計,在第一次世界大战期間,协約国的飞行員由飞机中弹而造成事故的仅占2%,由于机械故障而造成事故的占8%,而90%的事故是由于飞行員操纵錯誤所造成的。这样,关于飞行

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Three topics relating the problem of aircraft pilot selection were discussed: 1. An historical review, with special emphasis on the work done in the United States and Soviet Union during the Second World War. 2. On the theoretical and methodological side, a theory was developed in which flight ability is regarded as a dynamic interaction of sensory-motor skills, and of emotional and personality characteristics; therefore performance tests of a complex, dynamic type should be designed, simulating the main features of flight manoeuvres, rather than that measuring only the basic perceptual motor processes. These tests, however, should be considered jointly with motivational and personality evaluations. 3. Comments on future developments of aircrew, as well as astronaut, selection.

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