ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 1962, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (03): 61-70.

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  • 出版日期:1962-09-25 发布日期:1962-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 曹日昌


J. C. TSAO   

  • Online:1962-09-25 Published:1962-09-25

摘要: <正> 本文作者从前做过一个关于图形記忆再认的实驗研究。給被試者呈現一个图形,过了一定时間間隔之后,給他呈現一系列的类似的图形,要被試者再认原来的图形或在呈現的系列中指出原来图形所在的范围。結果見到,随着时間間隔的增长,被試者把近似图形当作原来图形的越来越多,指定的原来图形所在的范围越来越大。作者认为这是泛化

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Abstract: The investigation consisted of 3 experiments. In the experiment on tactual localization, the Weber's second method was used. In the experiment on tactual-kinesthetic localization the observer himself with his right hand touched his left forearm on the volar side and located the spot after an interval, and thus kinesthetic cues from the movements of the right arm in appling the stimulation might be used in localization. In the experiments on kinesthetic localization, the observer made a dot on a sheet of paper instead of on the forearm and located the dot afterwards. The tactual stimuli were of three degress in intensity, i. e. weak, medium and strong. In the experiment on kinesthetic localization, the dots were made lighter medium or heavior roughly corresponding the stimuli of different intensities in the other two experiments. The time intervals used in all three experiments were of 2″, 5″, 10″, 30″, 60″, 120″ and 300″. Each experiment consisted of 20 sessions, in each of which 21 trials were given, one for each intensity of stimulation and time interval.The results showed that as the time interval lengthened, the error of localization increased. In the tactual-kinesthetic localization there was a perfect linear function.The author contended that there was some similarity between the fact that as the time interval lengthened the error of localization increased and generalization observed in memory of verbal and of pictorial materials. The possible neurological mechanism for these phenomena was also discussed.

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