ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1962, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (03): 40-48.

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三、四岁儿童数概念形成过程中的几个問題

沈家鲜   

  • 出版日期:1962-09-25 发布日期:1962-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 沈家鲜

SOME PROBLEMS ON THE FORMATION OF NUMBER-CONCEPTION IN 3—4 YEAR CHILDREN

SHEN CHIA-HSIAN   

  • Online:1962-09-25 Published:1962-09-25

摘要: <正> 在观察小学一年級算术成績落后学生智力活动的过程中发現,学生在学前期对数的某些基本概念未切实掌握是造成成績落后的原因。然而,数概念的形成在哪一个年龄开始才有实际可能性,其形成的过程怎样,在理論上和实践上是有待解决的重要問題。 教学改革以前,一般人认为,幼儿是以具体形象思維为其特点的,数是抽象的概念,因

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Abstract: This is an experimental study on the formation of conception of numbers in pre-school children. The experimental results obtained indicate:1. The development of the counting ability is related to the formation of the conception of numbers, but the ability of counting numbers is not the same as the formation of number-conception.2. It is possible for 3—4 year old children to grasp the conception of number of certain amount and on a certain level.3. The formation of number-conception begins in oral number counting. The steps are; (a) oral number counting; (b) number counting of objects; (c) giving the total sum by number counting; (d) being able to pick the same number of objects as what the experimenter has shown in model illustration; (e) being able to pick the number of objects as prescribed by the experimenter.4. The processes of the formation of number-conception consists of (a) from repeating the sounds of sequences of numbers to the understanding of its meaning; (b) from discriminating the numbers to the use of them; (c) from forming the ideas of numbers to the conception of numbers.

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