ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1958, Vol. 2 ›› Issue (00): 67-73.

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学前儿童方位知觉的初步实驗研究

叶絢;方芸秋   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所 ,中国科学院心理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1900-01-01 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:1958-01-01 发布日期:1958-01-01
  • 通讯作者: 叶絢

A PRELIMINARY EXPERIMENTAL STUDY'IN SPATIAL ORIENTATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

YEH HS(?)AN AND FANG Y(?)N-CHIU (Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)   

  • Received:1900-01-01 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:1958-01-01 Published:1958-01-01

摘要: <正> 方位知觉包含对于物体的空間位置的辨別,和物体間相互关系的了解。日常观察和前人的实驗証明动物已有絕对位置的定向,侗不具有方位知觉。例如,老鼠学会跑迷津以后,把迷津轉动180°,老鼠的反应就又錯乱。左右各两次交替的T形迷津,猿猴可以掌握,老鼠无論如何学不会。这也还不是方位知觉問題,而是絕对位置与次数的問題。 儿童的空間定向有其形成及发展过程。謝琴諾夫就曾指出,空間定向能力不是生来就

Abstract: This experiment aims at investigating the development of spatial orientation of children in China.Experiment proceeded in situations, closely resembling playful activity, was divided into two parts: The first part was to search for toys "according to spatial impressions"; the second was to find toys "according to locations defined by verbal directions". The subjects were composed of 40 healthy Children aged 3—6, with 10 in each age group. Each child participated in both parts of the experiment.The following results were disclosed: (1) Children of 3 to 6 years old showed some age difference in discriminating directions. Children of the age-group 5 seemed to reveal a tendency showing tremendous progress in preception of direction.(2) The order of difficulty in discriminating different directions was: top, bottom, back, front, left, and right.(3) The age difference in discriminating directions and that in discriminating different directions were probably dependent on different ability to abstract and generalize, and on the level of differentiatial inhibition of the second signal system.