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Advances in Psychological Science    2014, Vol. 22 Issue (9) : 1404-1412     DOI: DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01404
Regular Articles |
Infants and Toddlers’ Understanding of Sharing Characteristics in Cooperative Activities
XU Xiaohui1,2; LI Jing1; ZHU Liqi1
(1 Key Laboratory of Behavior Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
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Abstract  

The sharing characteristics of cooperative activities include cooperative partners responding to each other’s actions and intentions, modifying one’s behavior according to the partner’s actions, acknowledging one’s own and others’ goals as well as the joint goals, recognizing the obligations of the partner and providing support if needed, and simultaneously conceptualizing both their own roles and perspectives along with those of others. Furthermore, individuals are inclined to share the cooperation outcomes equally, which is also a key characteristic of cooperative activities. Infants and toddlers are able to understand the sharing characteristics of cooperative activities. For example, they could form shared intentions and joint goals with partners; when the partners have difficulties in accomplishing their roles, they could offer help actively; they could understand their own and the partner’s roles and integrate them into a shared representation; they also tend to distribute the resources equally after cooperation. The current paper proposes future directions in researches on the characteristics of cooperative activities, the characteristics of cooperative partners, the role of emotion and language in infants and toddlers’ cooperation, and also research methods and instruments.

Keywords infant and toddler      cooperation      shared intentionality      joint goal      sharing behavior     
Corresponding Authors: ZHU Liqi, E-mail: zhulq@psych.ac.cn   
Issue Date: 15 September 2014
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XU Xiaohui
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Cite this article:   
XU Xiaohui,LI Jing,ZHU Liqi. Infants and Toddlers’ Understanding of Sharing Characteristics in Cooperative Activities[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(9): 1404-1412.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01404     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2014/V22/I9/1404
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