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   2012, Vol. 20 Issue (7) : 1080-1088     DOI:
研究前沿 |
The Confirmation Bias in Judgment and Decision Making
WU Xiu-Liang;XU Fu-Ming;WANG Wei;MA Xiang-Yang;KUANG Hai-Min
(Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education; School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China)
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Abstract  Confirmation bias is the tendency to seek out information or interpret evidence in ways that are partial to existing beliefs, expectation, or hypothesises and to ignore or overlook information that is potentially inconsistent. This tendency is universal in behavioral decision making. Currently, researchers explicating the generation mechanism of confirmation bias, have proposed theories like positive-test strategy, cognitive dissonance theory and error avoidance phenomenon. In addition, researches highlighted moderating variables, including need for cognitive closure, abstractness of materials, experience, and conditional reference frame, to which confirmation bias may be subjected. Though a largely implacable cognitive tendency, confirmation bias can be abated through analysis of competing hypotheses and a consideration of the opposite. Moreover, directions for future study on confirmation bias are discussed.
Keywords confirmation bias      positive-test strategy      cognitive dissonance theory      error avoidance     
Corresponding Authors: XU Fu-Ming   
Issue Date: 15 July 2012
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WU Xiu-Liang
XU Fu-Ming
WANG Wei
MA Xiang-Yang
KUANG Hai-Min
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WU Xiu-Liang,XU Fu-Ming,WANG Wei, et al. The Confirmation Bias in Judgment and Decision Making[J]. , 2012, 20(7): 1080-1088.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2012/V20/I7/1080
[1] LING Bin. Selective Exposure to Confirmatory Information in Behavioral Decision Making: A Theoretical Integration Approach[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(11): 2036-2046.
[2] SHEN Wang-Bing;LIU Chang. Critical Review on Psychological Studies on Moral Hypocrisy[J]. , 2012, 20(5): 745-756.
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