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   2011, Vol. 19 Issue (9) : 1281-1292     DOI:
研究前沿 |
Semantic Context Effect of Picture Naming in Speech Production
ZHU Xue-Bing;ZHANG Qing-Fang
(1 Key laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China)
(2 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100039, China)
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Abstract  Picture naming is a typical task used to investigate the processes of speech production, which consists of processes of conceptual preparation, lemma selection, phonological encoding, phonetic encoding, and articulation. The present paper addresses semantic context effect in spoken picture naming. First, we introduce interactive activation models and discrete serial models of language production. Then two opposite effects (semantic inhibition and semantic facilitation effects) are discussed with picture-word interference paradigm (PWI) and semantic blocking paradigm in picture naming. We summarize variables that contribute to semantic effects and the main hypotheses proposed for interpreting semantic effects: lexical selection by competition, swinging lexical network account, response congruency account, semantic selection account, and response exclusion hypothesis. We mainly focus on why these hypotheses are proposed, and discuss the similarities and differences among them. Finally, we propose three important issues for the further study.Picture naming is a typical task used to investigate the processes of speech production, which consists of processes of conceptual preparation, lemma selection, phonological encoding, phonetic encoding, and articulation. The present paper addresses semantic context effect in spoken picture naming. First, we introduce interactive activation models and discrete serial models of language production. Then two opposite effects (semantic inhibition and semantic facilitation effects) are discussed with picture-word interference paradigm (PWI) and semantic blocking paradigm in picture naming. We summarize variables that contribute to semantic effects and the main hypotheses proposed for interpreting semantic effects: lexical selection by competition, swinging lexical network account, response congruency account, semantic selection account, and response exclusion hypothesis. We mainly focus on why these hypotheses are proposed, and discuss the similarities and differences among them. Finally, we propose three important issues for the further study.
Keywords picture naming      semantic inhibition effect      semantic facilitation effect     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Qing-Fang   
Issue Date: 15 September 2011
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ZHU Xue-Bing,ZHANG Qing-Fang. Semantic Context Effect of Picture Naming in Speech Production[J]. , 2011, 19(9): 1281-1292.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2011/V19/I9/1281
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