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   2011, Vol. 19 Issue (6) : 883-895     DOI:
研究前沿 |
Pros and Cons of Self-Enhancement: Theory, Empirical Research, and Application
LIU Xiao-Cen;SANG Biao;DOU Dong-Hui
(1 College of Education, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China)
(2 School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China)
(3 Department of Psychology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
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Abstract  Self-enhancement by motivating to pursue a positive self-image has received much attention across different disciplines of psychology. Evolutionary psychologists believe that self-enhancement has evolved as an adaptation for complex human social interactions. However, social psychologists have more mixed views about the psychological functions of self-enhancement. These are shown in three leading social psychological explanations, including interference of moderators theory, the ecological analog theory, and multidimensional and multifunctional model of self-criticism and self-enhancement. Clinical and counseling psychologists have also proposed ways to promote adaptive self-enhancement in psychotherapy by taking advantage of the pros and avoiding the cons of self-enhancement. These different self-enhancement theories and practices are reviewed with suggestions for further research especially in cross-cultural and developmental psychology.
Keywords self-enhancement      adaption      self-motive      evolutionary psychology      clinical application     
Corresponding Authors: SANG Bia   
Issue Date: 15 June 2011
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LIU Xiao-Cen,SANG Biao,DOU Dong-Hui. Pros and Cons of Self-Enhancement: Theory, Empirical Research, and Application[J]. , 2011, 19(6): 883-895.
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