ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 612-625.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00612

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Cognitive neurological process associated with behavioral inhibition and psychopathology in children

YOU Yuan, WANG Li()   

  1. School of Psychological and Cognitive Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2019-05-05 Online:2020-04-15 Published:2020-02-24
  • Contact: Li WANG E-mail:liwang@pku.edu.cn

Abstract:

Children with behavioral inhibition are more likely to suffer from internalizing behavioral problems during mid-childhood and adolescence, and appear to be at higher developmental risk. Compared to children without behavioral inhibition, these children show more withdrawal motivation, longer anticipatory process and pre-attention process, less attention control, more attention bias to negative information, hyperactive error detection process and slower habituation process. These similar cognitive neurological processes are important links between behavioral inhibition and psychological disorders in children. It can be used as predictors to screen individuals with higher developmental risk. In addition to children's own characteristics, environmental factors can also influence children's developmental outcomes by shaping cognitive neurological processes. Therefore, in future studies, in order to identify protective factors for the children with behavioral inhibition from both temperamental factors and environmental factors, we may consider the differences of cognitive neurological processes between children's behavioral inhibition and psychopathology under different cultural conditions.

Key words: behavioral inhibition, psychopathology, cognitive neural processes, withdrawal motivation, pre-attention processes, attention processes, response processes, habituation processes

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