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Advances in Psychological Science    2020, Vol. 28 Issue (2) : 316-328     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00316
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The effects of positive contact and negative contact on intergroup relations
ZHAO Hebin,WANG Changcheng,XIA Mian(),WANG Xujie
Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China
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Abstract  

Considering the fact that there is a ‘positive bias’ in previous intergroup contact research, negative contact has also been taken into consideration simultaneously. Currently, questionnaire, content analysis, social network analysis and experiment are the four main research methods used in research considering both positive and negative contact. It is demonstrated that positive contact and negative contact exerted positive and negative effects on intergroup relations respectively, which were mediated by intergroup emotion and intergroup trust, and moderated by authoritarianism and intimacy. On the relationship between positive and negative contact effects, two kinds of research ideas were employed, that is, asymmetry and interaction, both of which were supported by empirical evidence. In future research, it is necessary to examine the generalization effects of different valenced contact, especially negative contact, expand the effect scope of positive and negative contact, perfect the mechanism of positive and negative contact, and further explore the factors that affect the asymmetric effect of positive and negative contact.

Keywords positive contact      negative contact      positive bias      asymmetry effect      interaction effect     
ZTFLH:  B849: C91  
Corresponding Authors: Mian XIA     E-mail: xiamian@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 25 December 2019
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Hebin ZHAO
Changcheng WANG
Mian XIA
Xujie WANG
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Hebin ZHAO,Changcheng WANG,Mian XIA, et al. The effects of positive contact and negative contact on intergroup relations[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2020, 28(2): 316-328.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00316     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2020/V28/I2/316
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