Please wait a minute...
Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (8) : 1394-1403     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01394
Regular Articles |
The time course and influence factors of facial trustworthiness processing
ZHANG Kunkun,ZHANG Keye,ZHANG Huoyin,LUO Wenbo()
Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
Download: PDF(569 KB)   HTML
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks     Supporting Info
Guide   
Abstract  

Facial trustworthiness plays a key role in how we express and understand social signals. During social interactions, people quickly judge the trustworthiness of others through subtle facial cues in order to make choices in daily life. The researchers delved into behavioral and ERP studies related to the time course of facial trustworthiness processing, and explored the life-span development of facial trustworthiness, as well as the influence of face emotions and face gender on the evaluation of facial trustworthiness. Further research is needed to improve the ecological validity of stimuli used in facial trustworthiness studies, to expand the study of facial trustworthiness in adolescents and aging population, and to consider the contextual effects on facial trustworthiness assessment.

Keywords facial trustworthiness      life-span development      emotion      gender      ERP     
ZTFLH:  B842  
Corresponding Authors: Wenbo LUO     E-mail: luowb@lnnu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 25 June 2019
Service
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
Kunkun ZHANG
Keye ZHANG
Huoyin ZHANG
Wenbo LUO
Cite this article:   
Kunkun ZHANG,Keye ZHANG,Huoyin ZHANG, et al. The time course and influence factors of facial trustworthiness processing[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(8): 1394-1403.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01394     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I8/1394
[1] 李庆功, 徐芬, 周小梅 . (2012). 3~4岁儿童基于可信度特质的信任判断: 特质问差异和年龄特点. 心理发展与教育, 28( 4), 345-352.
[2] 马凤玲, 汤玉龙, 郑婷婷, 徐芬 . (2014). 3~5岁幼儿基于面孔的信任判断的发展. 心理发展与教育, 30( 4), 337-344.
[3] 张兰萍, 周晖 . (2009). 幼儿基于信息判断的选择性信任的发展: 其持续性及与人际信任的关系. 心理发展与教育, 25( 3), 9-14.
[4] Abir Y., Sklar A. Y., Dotsch R., Todorov A., & Hassin R. R . (2018). The determinants of consciousness of human faces. Nature Human Behaviour,2(3), 194-197.
[5] Bailey P. E., Szczap P., McLennan S. N., Slessor G., Ruffman T., & Rendell P. G . (2016). Age-related similarities and differences in first impressions of trustworthiness. Cognition and Emotion,30(5), 1017-1026.
[6] Barkow J. H., Cosmides L., &Tooby J , (1992). The adapted mind:Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture New York: Oxford University Press Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture.New York: Oxford University Press.
[7] Behrens T. E., Hunt L. T., Woolrich M. W., &Rushworth M. F. S .(2008). Associative learning of social value. Nature,456(7219), 245-249.
[8] Bentin S., Allison T., Puce A., Perez E., & McCarthy G . (1996). Electrophysiological studies of face perception in humans. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience,8(6), 551-565.
[9] Bird B. M., Geniole S. N., Little A. C., Moreau B. J. P., Ortiz T. L., Goldfarb B., .. Carré J. M . (2017). Does exogenous testosterone modulate men’s ratings of facial dominance or trustworthiness? Adaptive Human Behavior & Physiology,3(4), 365-385.
[10] Bos P. A., Hermans E. J., Ramsey N. F., & van Honk J . (2012). The neural mechanisms by which testosterone acts on interpersonal trust. Neuroimage,61(3), 730-737.
[11] Brambilla M., Biella M., & Freeman J. B . (2018). The influence of visual context on the evaluation of facial trustworthiness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,78 34-42.
[12] Buckingham G., DeBruine L. M., Little A. C., Welling L. L. M., Conway C. A., Tiddeman B. P., & Jones B. C . (2006). Visual adaptation to masculine and feminine faces influences generalized preferences and perceptions of trustworthiness. Evolution and Human Behavior,27(5), 381-389.
[13] Carragher D. J., Thomas N. A., &Nicholls M. E. R., .(2018). Is trustworthiness lateralized in the face? Evidence from a trust game. Laterality,23(1), 20-38.
[14] Castle E., Eisenberger N. I., Seeman T. E., Moons W. G., Boggero I. A., Grinblatt M. S., & Taylor S. E . (2012). Neural and behavioral bases of age differences in perceptions of trust. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,109(51), 20848-20852.
[15] Caulfield F., Ewing L., Bank S., & Rhodes G . (2016). Judging trustworthiness from faces: Emotion cues modulate trustworthiness judgments in young children. British Journal of Psychology,107(3), 503-518.
[16] Caulfield F., Ewing L., Burton N., Avard E., & Rhodes G . (2014). Facial trustworthiness judgments in children with ASD are modulated by happy and angry emotional cues. PloS One,9(5), e97644.
[17] Chang L. J., Doll B. B., van 't Wout M., Frank M. J., & Sanfey A. G . (2010). Seeing is believing: Trustworthiness as a dynamic belief. Cognitive Psychology,61(2), 87-105.
[18] Cogsdill E. J., Todorov A. T., Spelke E. S., & Banaji M. R . (2014). Inferring character from faces: A developmental study. Psychological Science,25(5), 1132-1139.
[19] de Neys W., Hopfensitz A., & Bonnefon J.-F . (2015). Adolescents gradually improve at detecting trustworthiness from the facial features of unknown adults. Journal of Economic Psychology,47 17-22.
[20] de Neys W., Hopfensitz A., & Bonnefon J-F . (2017). Split-second trustworthiness detection from faces in an economic game. Experimental Psychology,64(4), 231-239.
[21] Delgado M. R., Frank R. H., & Phelps E. A . (2005). Perceptions of moral character modulate the neural systems of reward during the trust game. Nature Neuroscience,8(11), 1611-1618.
[22] Dong Y., Li Y. N., & Sun T. T . (2014). Happy faces considered trustworthy irrespective of perceiver's mood: Challenges to the mood congruency effect. Computers & Security,47 85-93.
[23] Duarte J., Siegel S., & Young L . (2012). Trust and credit: The role of appearance in peer-to-peer lending. Review of Financial Studies,25(8), 2455-2483.
url: http://rfs.oxfordjournals.org/content/25/8/2455
[24] Dzhelyova M., Perrett D. I., & Jentzsch I . (2012). Temporal dynamics of trustworthiness perception. Brain Research,1435(2), 81-90.
[25] Engell A. D., Haxby J. V., & Todorov A . (2007). Implicit trustworthiness decisions: Automatic coding of face properties in the human amygdala. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience,19(9), 1508-1519.
[26] Engell A. D., Todorov A., & Haxby J. V . (2010). Common neural mechanisms for the evaluation of facial trustworthiness and emotional expressions as revealed by behavioral adaptation. Perception,39(7), 931-941.
[27] Ewing L., Caulfield F., Read A., & Rhodes G . (2015). Perceived trustworthiness of faces drives trust behaviour in children. Developmental Science,18(2), 327-334.
[28] Freeman J. B., Stolier R. M., Ingbretsen Z. A., & Hehman E. A . (2014). Amygdala responsivity to high-level social information from unseen faces. Journal of Neuroscience,34(32), 10573-10581.
[29] Gredeb?ck G., Kaduk K., Bakker M., Gottwald J., Ekberg T., Elsner C., .. Kenward B . (2015). The neuropsychology of infants' pro-social preferences. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience,12 106-113.
[30] Hardin R. (2002). Trust and trustworthiness. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
[31] Hatch C. D., Wehby G. L., Nidey N. L., &Moreno Uribe L. M., .(2017). Effects of objective 3-dimensional measures of facial shape and symmetry on perceptions of facial attractiveness. Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery,75(9), 1958-1970.
[32] Jessen S. &Grossmann T., (2016). Neural and behavioral evidence for infants' sensitivity to the trustworthiness of faces. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience,28(11), 1728-1736.
[33] Jessen S. &Grossmann T., (2019). Neural evidence for the subliminal processing of facial trustworthiness in infancy. Neuropsychologia,126(18), 46-53.
[34] Kaisler R.., &Leder H., (2016). Trusting the looks of others: Gaze effects of faces in social settings. Perception,45(8), 875-892.
[35] Kaisler R.., &Leder H., (2017). Combined effects of gaze and orientation of faces on person judgments in social situations. Frontiers in Psychology,8(155), 259.
[36] King-Casas B., Tomlin D., Anen C., Camerer C. F., Quartz S. R., & Montague P. R . (2005). Getting to know you: Reputation and trust in a two-person economic exchange. Science,308(5718), 78-83.
[37] Krueger F., McCabe K., Moll J., Kriegeskorte N., Zahn R., Strenziok M., .. Grafman J . (2007). Neural correlates of trust. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,104(50), 20084-20089.
[38] Lane J. D., Wellman H. M., & Gelman S. A . (2013). Informants' traits weigh heavily in young children's trust in testimony and in their epistemic inferences. Child Development,84(4), 1253-1268.
[39] Li Q., Heyman G. D., Mei J., & Lee K . (2017). Judging a book by its cover: Children's facial trustworthiness as judged by strangers predicts their real-world trustworthiness and peer relationships. Child Development.
[40] Li T., Liu X., Pan J., & Zhou G . (2017). The interactive effect of facial appearance and behavior statement on trust belief and trust behavior. Personality and Individual Differences,117 60-65.
[41] Lischke A., Junge M., Hamm A. O., & Weymar M . (2018). Enhanced processing of untrustworthiness in natural faces with neutral expressions. Emotion,18(2), 181-189.
[42] Little A. C., Burriss R. P., Jones B. C., & Roberts S. C . (2007). Facial appearance affects voting decisions. Evolution and Human Behavior,28(1), 18-27.
[43] Ma F. L., Xu F., & Luo X. M . (2015). Children's and adult's judgments of facial trustworthiness: The relationship to facial attractiveness. Perceptual and Motor Skills,121(1), 179-198.
[44] Ma F., Xu F., & Luo X . (2016). Children's facial trustworthiness judgments: Agreement and relationship with facial attractiveness. Frontiers in Psychology,77499.
[45] Martens U., Leuthold H., & Schweinberger S. R . (2010). On the temporal organization of facial identity and expression analysis: Inferences from event-related brain potentials. Cognitive Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience,10(4), 505-522.
[46] Marzi T., Righi S., Ottonello S., Cincotta M., & Viggiano M. P . (2014). Trust at first sight: Evidence from ERPs. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,9(1), 63-72.
[47] Ohmann K., Stahl J., Mussweiler T., & Kedia G . (2016). Immediate relativity: EEG reveals early engagement of comparison in social information processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology-General,145(11), 1512-1529.
[48] Oosterhof N.., &Todorov A., (2008). The functional basis of face evaluation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America,105(32), 11087-11092.
[49] Oosterhof N.., &Todorov A., (2009). Shared perceptual basis of emotional expressions and trustworthiness impressions from faces. Emotion,9(1), 128-133.
[50] Poulin-Dubois D. &Chow V., (2009). The effect of a looker's past reliability on infants' reasoning about beliefs. Developmental Psychology,45(6), 1576-1582.
[51] Pourtois G., Grandjean D., Sander D., & Vuilleumier P . (2004). Electrophysiological correlates of rapid spatial orienting towards fearful faces. Cerebral Cortex,14(6), 619-633.
[52] Radke S., Kalt T., Wagels L., & Derntl B . (2018). Implicit and explicit motivational tendencies to faces varying in trustworthiness and dominance in men. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience,12 1-10.
[53] Rezlescu C., Duchaine B., Olivola C. Y., & Chater N . (2012). Unfakeable facial configurations affect strategic choices in trust games with or without information about past behavior. PloS One,7(3), e34293.
[54] Rule N. O., Slepian M. L., & Ambady N . (2012). A memory advantage for untrustworthy faces. Cognition,125(2), 207-218.
[55] Said C. P., Sebe N., & Todorov A . (2009). Structural resemblance to emotional expressions predicts evaluation of emotionally neutral faces. Emotion,9(2), 260-264.
[56] Schupp H. T., Cuthbert B. N., Bradley M. M., Cacioppo J. T., Ito T., & Lang P. J . (2000). Affective picture processing: The late positive potential is modulated by motivational relevance. Psychophysiology,37(2), 257-261.
[57] Schupp H. T., Cuthbert B., Bradley M., Hillman C., Hamm A., & Lang P . (2004). Brain processes in emotional perception: Motivated attention. Cognition & Emotion,18(5), 593-611.
[58] Schupp H. T., ?hman A., Jungh?fer M., Weike A. I., Stockburger J., & Hamm A. O . (2004). The facilitated processing of threatening faces: An ERP analysis. Emotion,4(2), 189-200.
[59] Shore D. M., Ng R., Bellugi U., & Mills D. L . (2017). Abnormalities in early visual processes are linked to hypersociability and atypical evaluation of facial trustworthiness: An ERP study with Williams syndrome. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience,17(5), 1002-1017.
[60] Slepian M. L., Young S. G., & Harmon-Jones E . (2017). An approach-avoidance motivational model of trustworthiness judgments. Motivation Science,3(1), 91-97.
[61] Sofer C., Dotsch R., Oikawa M., Oikawa H., Wigboldus D. H. J., & Todorov A . (2017). For your local eyes only: Culture-specific face typicality influences perceptions of trustworthiness. Perception,46(8), 914-928.
[62] SouthPalomares J.K., &Young A.W . (2017). Facial first impressions of partner preference traits: Trustworthiness, status, and attractiveness. Social Psychological and Personality Science,9(8), 990-1000.
[63] Sprengelmeyer R., Young A. W., Baldas E-M., Ratheiser I., Sutherland C. A. M., Müller H. P., .. Orth M . (2016). The neuropsychology of first impressions: Evidence from Huntington's disease. Cortex,85 100-115.
[64] Stewart L. H., Ajina S., Getov S., Bahrami B., Todorov A., & Rees G . (2012). Unconscious evaluation of faces on social dimensions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,141(4), 715-727.
[65] Stirrat M.., &Perrett D.I . (2010). Valid facial cues to cooperation and trust. Psychological Science,21(3), 349-354.
[66] Suzuki A. &Suga S., (2010). Enhanced memory for the wolf in sheep's clothing: Facial trustworthiness modulates face-trait associative memory. Cognition,117(2), 224-229.
[67] Todorov A. (2008). Evaluating faces on trustworthiness: An extension of systems for recognition of emotions signaling approach/avoidance behaviors. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences,1124(1), 208-224.
[68] Todorov A., Baron S. G., & Oosterhof N. N . (2008). Evaluating face trustworthiness: A model based approach. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,3(2), 119-127.
[69] Todorov A., Pakrashi M., & Oosterhof N. N . (2009). Evaluating faces on trustworthiness after minimal time exposure. Social Cognition,27(6), 813-833.
[70] Todorov A., Said C. P., Engell A. D., & Oosterhof N. N . (2008). Understanding evaluation of faces on social dimensions. Trends in Cognitive Sciences,12(12), 455-460.
[71] Todorov A., Said C. P., Oosterhof N. N., & Engell A. D . (2011). Task-invariant brain responses to the social value of faces. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience,23(10), 2766-2781.
[72] Treinen E., Corneille O., & Luypaert G . (2012). L-eye to me: The combined role of need for cognition and facial trustworthiness in mimetic desires. Cognition,122(2), 247-251.
[73] Vadim A., Moshe B., & Geraint R . (2015). Exploring the unconscious using faces. Trends in Cognitive Sciences,19(1), 35-45.
[74] Walker M. &Vetter T., (2009). Portraits made to measure: Manipulating social judgments about individuals with a statistical face model. Journal of Vision,9(11), 1-13.
[75] Willis J. &Todorov A., (2006). First impressions: Making up your mind after a 100-ms exposure to a face. Psychological Science,17(7), 592-598.
[76] Wilson J.., &Rule N.O . (2015). Facial trustworthiness predicts extreme criminal-sentencing outcomes. Psychological Science,26(8), 1325-1331.
[77] Wilson J.., &Rule N.O . (2016). Hypothetical sentencing decisions are associated with actual capital punishment outcomes: The role of facial trustworthiness. Social Psychological and Personality Science,7(4), 331-338.
[78] Yang D., Qi S. Q., Ding C., & Song Y . (2011). An ERP study on the time course of facial trustworthiness appraisal. Neuroscience Letters,496(3), 147-151.
[79] Zebrowitz L. A., Boshyan J., Ward N., Gutchess A., & Hadjikhani N . (2017). The older adult positivity effect in evaluations of trustworthiness: Emotion regulation or cognitive capacity? Plos One,12(1), 1-17.
[80] Zebrowitz L. A., Franklin Jr R. G., Hillman S., & Boc H . (2013). Older and younger adults' first impressions from faces: Similar in agreement but different in positivity. Psychology and aging,28(1), 202-212.
[81] Zebrowitz L. A., Ward N., Boshyan J., Gutchess A., & Hadjikhani N . (2017). Older adults’ neural activation in the reward circuit is sensitive to face trustworthiness. Cognitive,Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 18(51), 21-34.
[1] JIANG Yuan-Ping, SUN Hong-Yue. Concept, measurements, antecedents and consequences of the effect of emotion on intertemporal choice[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(9): 1622-1630.
[2] ZENG Ying, XIA Tiansheng. The neuroaesthetics of music: From aesthetic responses to neural bases[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(9): 1596-1606.
[3] ZHANG Shanshan,XIE Jinyu,WU Min. Sweet poison: How does benevolent sexism affect women’s career development?[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(8): 1478-1488.
[4] SUN Jianqun,TIAN Xiaoming,Li Rui. Negative effects and mechanisms of emotional intelligence[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(8): 1451-1459.
[5] SU Yanjie,XIE Dongjie,WANG Xiaonan. The role of cognitive control in third-party punishment[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(8): 1331-1343.
[6] GUO Rong,FU Xinyuan. Social class signs and their effects on interpersonal social interactions[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(7): 1268-1274.
[7] GONG Yanping,CHEN Zhuo,XIE Julan,XIE Xiaochun. Phubbing: Antecedents, consequences and functioning mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(7): 1258-1267.
[8] LI Ying,ZHANG Can,WANG Yue. The effect of moral emotions on the metaphorical mapping of morality and its neural mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(7): 1224-1231.
[9] LI Ping,ZHANG Mingming,LI Shuaixia,ZHANG Huoyin,LUO Wenbo. The integration of facial expression and vocal emotion and its brain mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(7): 1205-1214.
[10] CUI Jialei,CUI Liying. The confrontational response of women to gender prejudice between two identities[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(6): 1085-1092.
[11] SUN Lianrong,WANG Pei. Theory construction on the psychological mechanism of the harmonious doctor-patient relationship and its promoting technology[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(6): 951-964.
[12] SUN Qingzhou,WU Qingyuan,ZHANG Jing,JIANG Chengming,ZHAO Lei,HU Fengpei. Probability weighting bias in risky decision making: Psychological mechanism and optimizing strategies[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(5): 905-913.
[13] ZHAO Jun,YAN Miao,XIAO Sufang,ZHANG Yongjun. The mutual relationship of organizational citizenship behaviors and counterproductive work behaviors: An integrated process of emotion and cognition[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(5): 871-883.
[14] WU Xiaoyan,FENG Chunliang,XU Jiahua,HE Zhenhong,LUO Yi,LUO Yuejia. The Effects of vasopressin on human social behaviors[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(5): 811-820.
[15] MENG Yuqi,XING Cai,LIU Xinhui. The ending effect of negative-expected value gambles: Emotional motivation induces risk taking[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(5): 789-795.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech