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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (8) : 1344-1353     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01344
Conceptual Framework |
The effect of childhood adversity and genetic factors on male prisoners’ aggression
ZHANG Jieting1,ZHANG Jingfeng1,GAO Kaidong2,WEN Chao2,CUI Hanqing2,LIU Jingting1()
1 College of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
2 Shenzhen Prison, Guangdong Province, Shenzhen 518118, China
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Abstract  

The risk assessment of violent recidivism is especially important for the evaluation of risk among prisoners. As aggression is a stable factor of prisoners’ violent recidivism, investigating their aggressive behavior can prevent and reduce risk of violent recidivism after parole or release, and contribute to social security and stable development. Studies have shown that aggressive behavior is influenced by childhood adversities and genetic susceptibility (such as MAOA-uVNTR low activity allele). However, most of the studies only focus on linear association, neglecting the interaction between factors and non-linear relationships. Moreover, the assessment of prisoners’ aggression ignored the subtypes of aggression, and was often conducted by questionnaires. These problems constrain effective prediction of aggression. In the current study, latent class model is applied to identify the classification of childhood adversities among male prisoners and ordinary adults. Using an experiment paradigm and questionnaires, as well as behavioral data as aggressive indicators, we further analyze the relationship between childhood adversity and aggression, and the moderation by MAOA-uVNTR, COMT Val158Met, and 5-HTTLPR polymorphism. The findings would help identifying the genetic indicators of highly aggressive individuals and detect susceptible individuals affected by childhood adverse experiences. Moreover, they provide theoretical and empirical reference for predicting violent behavior and building related intervention through training or medication.

Keywords childhood adversity      gene      aggression      latent class analysis     
ZTFLH:  B849: D90  
Corresponding Authors: Jingting LIU     E-mail: aislingljt@szu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 25 June 2019
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Jieting ZHANG
Jingfeng ZHANG
Kaidong GAO
Chao WEN
Hanqing CUI
Jingting LIU
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Jieting ZHANG,Jingfeng ZHANG,Kaidong GAO, et al. The effect of childhood adversity and genetic factors on male prisoners’ aggression[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(8): 1344-1353.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01344     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I8/1344
  
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