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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (7) : 1297-1306     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01297
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Employees’ green behavior: Summarizing the concept and the theoretical explanation
PENG Jian1,HOU Nan2,PANG Yu3()
1 School of Management, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
2 School of Business Administration, Northeast University, Shenyang 110169, China
3 Business School of Hebei GEO University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China)
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Abstract  

Employees’ green behavior directly affects the effectiveness of the environmental protection of organizations, and is the key to promote the sustainable development of the organizations. Employees’ green behavior refers to a series of behaviors implemented by employees that aim at reducing the negative effect on the environment and contributing to environmental sustainability. First, provides an overview of the concept and structure of employees’ green behavior. Second, drawing on self-determination theory, affective events theory, planning behavior theory, social cognitive theory and social learning theory, explains antecedents of employees’ green behavior. Finally, demonstrates that future research can pay attention to the three major aspects of concept definition, research level, research perspective (balanced perspective, dynamic perspective) to further research.

Keywords green behavior      sustainable development      environmental management     
ZTFLH:  B849:C93  
Corresponding Authors: Yu PANG     E-mail: yuyebaby@sohu.com
Issue Date: 22 May 2019
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Jian PENG
Nan HOU
Yu PANG
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Jian PENG,Nan HOU,Yu PANG. Employees’ green behavior: Summarizing the concept and the theoretical explanation[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(7): 1297-1306.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01297     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I7/1297
代表学者(年份) 绿色行为英文概念 绿色行为中文释义 概念内涵
Ones等(2012) employee green behavior 员工绿色行为 员工实施的有助于环境可持续性的行为
Paillé, Boiral和Chen (2013) pro-environmental behavior among their employees 员工环保行为 员工采取的能够补充正式绿色管理计划, 并提高绿色措施效率的行为
Graves等(2013) employee pro-environmental behavior 员工环保行为 员工表现出的有益于环境的行为
Norton, Parker, Zacher和Ashkanasy (2016) employee green behavior 员工环保行为 特定于组织中有利于环境的行为
Kim等(2017) voluntary workplace green behavior 自愿型工作场所绿色行为 员工自愿展现的一系列保护生态环境的行为, 目的是降低员工活动对自然环境的负面影响
  
类别 结构 测量主体 题数 Cronbach’s α
第一类派别
Robertson和Barling (2013) 单维 研究生自愿者 7 0.86
Graves等(2013) 单维 员工 13 0.91
Kim等(2017) 单维 韩国和美国企业员工 6 0.81
Norton等(2017) 单维 员工 5 0.89
第二类派别
Bissing-Olson等(2013) 任务型绿色行为 员工 3 0.97和0.83
主动型绿色行为 3
Dumont等(2017) 角色内绿色行为 员工 3 0.86和0.85
角色外绿色行为 3
  
研究者(年份) 个体因素 研究者(年份) 情境因素
Kim等(2017) 责任心(+) Robertson和Barling (2013) 领导绿色行为(+)
Russell和Ashkanasy (2010) 积极情绪(+)消极情绪(-) Robertson和Carleton (2017) 变革型绿色领导行为(+)
责任型领导(+)
Bissing-Olson等(2013) 未激活情绪(+)已激活情绪(ns) Afsar等(2016) 精神型领导
Paillé等(2016a, 2016b) 组织支持感(+)工作满意度(+) Xing和Starik (2017) 道家领导(+)
邢璐等(2017) 利益相关者价值观(+) 邢璐等(2017) 责任型领导(+)
Kim, Kim, Han和Holland (2016) 绿色自我效能(+) 张佳良、袁艺玮和刘军(2018) 道德型领导(+)
Afsar, Badir和Kiani (2016) 内在动机(+) Robertson等(2017) 组织绿色政策(+)
Kim等(2016) 自主动机(+)外部动机(+) Dumont等(2017) 组织绿色程序(+)
组织绿色实践(+)
同事绿色工作氛围(+)
Norton等(2017) 绿色行为意图(+) Robertson等(2017)
周金帆和张光磊(2018)
绿色人力资源管理实践(+)
  
理论基础 核心观点 解释范围 变量举例 应用举例
自我决定理论 ★个体需求影响动机 绿色动机机制 自主动机 Graves等(2013)
外部动机 Kim等(2017)
控制动机 周金帆等(2018)
情感事件理论 ★工作事件引发个体情感, 进而影响态度和行为的产生 绿色情感机制 积极情绪 邢璐等(2017)
环保担当 张佳良等(2018)
绿色激情 Afsar等(2016)
计划行为理论 ★态度、主观规范与感知行为控制共同影响行为 态度、主观规范与感知行为控制机制 态度 Greaves等(2013)
主观规范
感知行为控制
社会认知理论 ★个体认知是连接外部环境与个体行为的重要因素 员工认知机制 绿色自我效能感
绿色正念
Chen等(2014)
社会学习理论 ★个体行为是通过学习而获得的 员工绿色行为规范机制 利益相关者价值观 邢璐 等(2017)
  
  
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