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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (4) : 676-688     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00676
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Lay theories of illness and their influences on doctor-patient relationships
Lü Xiaokang1,TANG Lei1,2(),JIANG He1,WANG Xinjian1
1 Department of Social Psychology, Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
2 College of Foreign Languages, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
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Abstract  

Lay theories of illness are a collection of lay people’s knowledge, explanations, and attitudes toward a particular disease. Compared with medical professionals, lay people are more concerned with the pathogenic effects of psychological, family and social factors than biological factors. They choose diverse medical treatments rather than follow the standardized medical model; they are more willing to treat the disease experience as a special issue of personal life and develop a constructive understanding. The discrepancies between lay theories of illness and scientific medical theories can lower patient’s satisfaction with medical care, trust in medical practitioners, and adherence to doctor’s advice, thereby affecting treatment outcomes. It is believed that studying Chinese lay theories of illness, their impact on doctor-patient relationships and the social psychological mechanism thereof, in the context of the Chinese medical culture and medical system, will provide useful suggestions for reducing the current tension between doctors and patients in China.

Keywords lay theories      lay theories of illness      doctor-patient relationships      doctor-patient communication     
ZTFLH:  R395  
Corresponding Authors: Lei TANG     E-mail: ltang@nankai.edu.cn
Issue Date: 22 February 2019
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Xiaokang Lü
Lei TANG
He JIANG
Xinjian WANG
Cite this article:   
Xiaokang Lü,Lei TANG,He JIANG, et al. Lay theories of illness and their influences on doctor-patient relationships[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(4): 676-688.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00676     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2019/V27/I4/676
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