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Advances in Psychological Science    2019, Vol. 27 Issue (1) : 96-105     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00096
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Adaptive narcissism and maladaptive narcissism: Diverse evidences for the distinction
YU Zhenkun,LIU Yunzhi,LUO Yu,CAI Huajian
Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Recently, researchers have proposed to distinguish between adaptive narcissism and maladaptive narcissism. We reviewed the existing evidence that support this distinction, showing that two kinds of narcissism differ from each other in 1) constitutive components; 2) associations with intrapersonal and interpersonal adaptions; 3) personality nomologic networks; 4) developmental trajectories; 5) genetic and environmental bases. Distinguishing between adaptive and maladaptive narcissism may help us better understand the complexity of narcissism as well as narcissists on one hand; on the other hand, improve future research and intervention practice.

Keywords narcissism      adaptive narcissism      maladaptive narcissism      adaption     
ZTFLH:  B848  
Issue Date: 23 November 2018
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Zhenkun YU
Yunzhi LIU
Huajian CAI
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Zhenkun YU,Yunzhi LIU,Yu LUO, et al. Adaptive narcissism and maladaptive narcissism: Diverse evidences for the distinction[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(1): 96-105.
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因素模型 因素内容
四因素模型 剥削性/特权感(Exploitativeness/Entitlement),领导力/权威(Leadership/Authority),优越性/自大(Superiority/Arrogance)和自我吸引/自我崇拜(Self-Absorption/ Self-Admiration) (Emmons, 1984, 1987)
七因素模型 权威(Authority),自我满足(Self-Sufficiency),优越感(Superiority),自我表现(Exhibitionism),剥削性(Exploitativeness),虚荣(Vanity)和特权感(Entitlement) (Raskin & Terry, 1988)
二因素模型 权利(Power)和自我表现(Exhibitionism) (Kubarych, Deary, & Austin, 2004)
自我表现(Exhibitionism)和特权感(Entitlement) (Corry, Merritt, Mrug, & Pamp, 2008)
三因素模型 权力(Power),自我表现(Exhibitionism)和特殊感(Specialness) (Kubarych et al., 2004)
领导力/权威(Leadership /Authority),自夸/自我表现(Grandiose/Exhibitionism)和特权感/剥削性(Entitlement / Exploitativeness) (Ackerman et al., 2011)
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