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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (12) : 2180-2191     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.02180
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Character strengths and their consequences
Meiling LIU,Xizhou TIAN(),Xiaodong GUO
Chongqing Technology & Business University, Chongqing 400067, China;
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Abstract  

Character strengths are central concepts in positive psychology, referring to a set of positive individual traits reflected by thoughts, feelings and behaviors. Additionally, they are good resources for promoting physical health, mental health and well-being, as well as relieving depression and stress. The researches using experimental intervention have suggested that character strengths have a positive influence on both individual level (i.e., positive experiences, physical and mental health, employee creativity and calling) and organizational level (i.e., job performance, leadership, organizational effectiveness, etc.). However, there are many literatures on the relationship between character strengths and positive constructs, but few on the relationship between character strengths, and their relationship with talents. Similarly, the research methods are relatively lack of richness. So future efforts should be paid to such issues.

Keywords character strengths      positive psychology      virtues      experimental intervention     
ZTFLH:  B848  
Corresponding Authors: Xizhou TIAN     E-mail: tianxizhou@ctbu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 30 October 2018
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Meiling LIU
Xizhou TIAN
Xiaodong GUO
Cite this article:   
Meiling LIU,Xizhou TIAN,Xiaodong GUO. Character strengths and their consequences[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(12): 2180-2191.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.02180     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I12/2180
作者 干预方式/群体/内容 干预设计 干预结果
李婷婷, 刘晓明(2016) 课程干预, 使大学生发现并运用品格优势 干预前/后, 干预完成6周, 进行开放式访谈并测试 积极认知/情感/行为显著提升
Harzer, Ruch (2015) 网上培训, 使成人识别并在工作中运用显著优势 干预前/后, 干预完成1/6个月后测试 工作呼唤、生活满意度提升
Proyer, Gander, 等(2015); Gande, Proyer等(2013) 自我管理; 使成人/老人识别并运用品格优势 干预前/后, 干预完成1/3/6个月后完成在线测量并反馈 幸福感增加, 抑郁感降低
Duan, Ho, 等(2014) 选修课程干预, 使本科生运用显著优势 干预前/干预完成9/18周测试 生活满意度增加
Proctor, Tsukayama, 等(2011) 课程干预, 帮小学生培养并发现新的品格优势 干预前, 干预6个月后完成访谈 生活满意度、幸福感增加
Proctor, Maltby等(2011) 干预练习, 使大学生运用品格优势 干预3/6个月后测试 自尊心、自我效能感增加
Mitchell等(2009); Seligman等(2005) 自我管理; 使成人识别并运用显著优势 干预前/后, 干预完成1周/1/3/6个月后测试 幸福感增加, 抑郁感降低
  
  
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