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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (7) : 1272-1283     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01272
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Cross-categorization and its influence on stereotyping
Lei YAN1,Bin ZUO2(),Yanhong ZHANG1,Yang WU3,Linchuan YANG4
1 School of Education, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023, China
2 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
3 School of Marxism, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
4 Research Institute of Higher Education, China Three Gorges University, Yichang 443002, China
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Abstract  

During social categorization, a critical cognitive process that serves as the basis for group cognition and impression evaluation, a very specific type of categorization, or Cross-categorization, may arise, in which two or more social categories/dimensions of targets are simultaneously salient for participants, forming intersections of ingroups and outgroups across multiple categories. Research examining whether cross-categorization decreases or increases stereotyping shows conflicting results. Theoretical explanation from a categorization perspective emphasizes the effect of group membership and identification, whereas an individualization perspective highlights a “de-categorization” process in the multiple-category context. The limitations of existing research are the failure to reach an agreement about how to understand and investigate the conflicting results and to recognize the significance of stereotypes for an individual’s cognition and identification process. Future research should focus on the motivations and cognitive processes critical to the categorization perspective, the dominant category and processing styles under the individualized perspective, as well as the potential of a theoretical integration based on self-categorization process.

Keywords cross-categorization      stereotype      social identity      self-categorization      multiple identities     
ZTFLH:  B849:C91  
Corresponding Authors: Bin ZUO     E-mail: zuobin@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 29 May 2018
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Lei YAN
Bin ZUO
Yanhong ZHANG
Yang WU
Linchuan YANG
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Lei YAN,Bin ZUO,Yanhong ZHANG, et al. Cross-categorization and its influence on stereotyping[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(7): 1272-1283.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01272     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I7/1272
女性(I) 男性(O)
年轻人(I) 老年人(O) 年轻人(I) 老年人(O)
年轻女性(II) 老年女性(IO) 年轻男性(OI) 老年男性(OO)
  
  
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