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Advances in Psychological Science    2017, Vol. 25 Issue (3) : 443-451     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00443
Regular Articles |
Individual-based psychological models of retirement
DAI Yuee; WEN Fangfang; ZUO Bin; WU Yang; DAI Taotao
(School of Psychology and Social Psychology Research Centre, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
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Retirement is a multi-phased dynamic process whereby retirees draw pensions at a specific age. There are three types of retirement models, viz., the Antecedent Model, the Process Model and the Outcome Model. The Antecedent Model of Retirement includes Classic Antecedent Model of Retirement and Multilevel-model of Retirement, which address antecedents of retirement respectively in individual- environment and macroscopic views. The Process Model of Retirement involves the Three-Phase Model of Retirement Decision-Making, the Temporal Process Model of Retirement and the Resource-based Dynamic Model for Retirement Adjustment; they reveal the process of retirement from the perspectives of the phasing, individuality and dynamics of retirement. The Outcome Model of Retirement explores the effect of retirement on individuals and organizations. In addition, the Four-Phase Model for Retirement is an integrated model based on Western models and in the light of China’s reality. It is suggested that future studies in this field focus on increasing the diversity of objects, revealing the functioning mechanism of psychological variables that affect retirement, improving the applicability, and facilitating the indigenization of the latest study.

Keywords Antecedent Model of Retirement      Process Model of Retirement      Outcome Model of Retirement      Four-phase Model of Retirement      indigenization     
Corresponding Authors: ZUO Bin, E-mail:   
Issue Date: 15 March 2017
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DAI Yuee
WEN Fangfang
WU Yang
DAI Taotao
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DAI Yuee,WEN Fangfang,ZUO Bin, et al. Individual-based psychological models of retirement[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(3): 443-451.
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[1] REN Zhen;YANG An-Bo;WANG Deng-Feng. An Analysis of the Indigenization of Leader-Member Exchange Concept[J]. , 2010, 18(06): 1004-1010.
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