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Advances in Psychological Science    2017, Vol. 25 Issue (1) : 180-189     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00180
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The effect of work hours on well-being: New exploration of work hours’ heterogeneity
WANG Xiaotian1; LI Aimei1; WU Weijiong2; SUN Hailong1; Xiong Guanxing1
(1 Management School, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China) (2 Business School of Zhejiang University of Economic and Finance, Hangzhou 310018, China)
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Abstract  

Work hours is one of most important factors that can influence employees’ well-being. Researchers has considered work hours solely as depleting, and had negative impact on employees’ well-being. Some of the researches have contradictory results. Drawing on a heterogeneity perspective of work, I argue that there is unaccounted for variability in the nature of work hours such that some are actually restorative rather than depleting. I articulate the four type of work hours through simultaneous consideration of the extent to which a given work hours is (1) depleting of regulatory resources and (2) generative of three particular resources shown to compensate for the effects of ego depletion. Beyond the depleting work hours that have been the focus of research to date, the resulting typology reveals two restorative types (replenishing and breakthrough) that I theorize positively shape well-being in both the short and long term. The new perspectives of future studies based on these reasons were discussed.

Keywords work hours      well-being      heterogeneity      regulatory resources      personal resources     
Corresponding Authors: LI Aimei, E-mail: tliaim@jnu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 January 2017
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WANG Xiaotian
LI Aimei
WU Weijiong
SUN Hailong
Xiong Guanxing
Cite this article:   
WANG Xiaotian,LI Aimei,WU Weijiong, et al. The effect of work hours on well-being: New exploration of work hours’ heterogeneity[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2017, 25(1): 180-189.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00180     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2017/V25/I1/180
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