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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (10) : 1544-1550     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01544
Research Reports |
The effect of focusing missing on instant happy experience
TAN Fei1; LI Aimei1; SUN Hailong1; HOU Fen2
(1 Management School, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China) (2 Beijing Normal University in Zhuhai, Zhuhai 519087, China)
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Based on the theory of resource scarcity and focusing illusion, we used two studies to test whether focusing missing affects instant feelings of happiness. In Study 1, we adopted the graphical focusing task to examine the relationship between the focusing missing and instant happy experience. The results showed that compared with the no-focusing missing group, focusing missing participants who preferred to choose missing pictures to represent their current life were easier to experience focusing missing phenomenon. In Study 2, we used the priming method to examine the impact of focusing missing on instant happy experience. Through the manipulation of focusing missing level, the results showed that compared to low focusing missing, high focusing missing makes one’s emotional happiness much lower. Initially, it has also been proved that one usually overestimates the proportion of missing in the whole life, and it exists the phenomenon of “amplification of missing”. Unlike former focusing illusion researches focus on affective forecasting bias, we make a further step on instant happy experience. Meanwhile, its focus is to transfer from “material scarcity” to “abstract missing”. In conclusion, the results suggest that focusing missing will influence individual happy experience, and missing amplification effect may occur as a consequence.

Keywords focusing illusion      focusing missing      emotional happiness      amplification of missing     
Corresponding Authors: LI Aimei, E-mail:; SUN Hailong, E-mail:    
Issue Date: 15 October 2016
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TAN Fei,LI Aimei,SUN Hailong, et al. The effect of focusing missing on instant happy experience[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(10): 1544-1550.
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[1] LUO Hanbing;XU Fuming;GUO Yongyu;ZHENG Qiuqiang;LI Bin;ZHANG Hui. Focusing Illusion in Affective Forecasting[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(8): 1482-1492.
[2] LI Aimei;LU Fanfan. The Experienced Utility of Well-being and the Deviation Mechanism of Irrational Decision-making[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(6): 1059-1070.
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