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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (7) : 1118-1129     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01118
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Socioeconomic disparities in health and its underlying mechanisms
YOU Jin; YANG Lei; SHANG Shijie; YU Shijing
(Department of Psychology, Wuhan Univerisity, Wuhan 430072, China)
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Abstract  

Socioeconomic disparities in health refer to the systematic differences in health outcomes between the populations of different socioeconomic status. In the past three decades, studies from Western societies have well established the negative associations of socioeconomic status with a wide array of health outcomes, and have explored socioeconomic disparities in health in terms of structural conditions and personal characteristics. On the basis of empirical evidence, theorists have proposed sociocultural self-model, reserve capability model, and biopsychosocial model to comprehensively understand the mechanisms underlying socioeconomic disparities in health. Future work should further investigate the roles of sociocultural factors and individual difference variables in socioeconomic disparities in health with more diverse research designs. This work contributes to the understanding of health disparities in the globe, and has implications for the practice of promoting health equality in Chinese societies.

Keywords socioeconomic status      health inequality      psychosocial mechanisms      socioeconomic disparities in health     
Corresponding Authors: YOU Jin, E-mail: jyou@whu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 July 2016
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YOU Jin
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YU Shijing
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YOU Jin,YANG Lei,SHANG Shijie, et al. Socioeconomic disparities in health and its underlying mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(7): 1118-1129.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01118     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I7/1118
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