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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (5) : 739-752     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00739
Regular Articles |
Biological basis of autism spectrum disorders
WU Wen-Jiao1; ZHANG Peng2
(1 School of Education, Shuozhou Normal College, Shuozhou 036000, Shanxi, China) (2 School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
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Abstract  

Autism spectrum disorder is a set of neuro-developmental disorders caused by a series of physiological and psychological factors which occurs in early life. The current evidence of the biological basis of autism spectrum disorders is analyzed from genetics, brain structure, nutrients and other aspects. Brain and body abnormalities formed in individuals early gestation could be crucial to autism spectrum disorders. These abnormalities affect postnatal development, specifically on physiological pathway such as neural activity, brain development, immune system, inflammatory reactions et. al. In the future researchers could try to stretch across different subtypes of autism spectrum disorders, ages and developmental stages to carry out a large-scale study which combines horizontal and vertical views.

Keywords autism spectrum disorders      physiological pathway      biological basis     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Peng,E-mail: zhangpsy@mail.bnu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 May 2016
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WU Wen-Jiao,ZHANG Peng. Biological basis of autism spectrum disorders[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(5): 739-752.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00739     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I5/739
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