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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (2) : 282-292     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00282
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Body image disturbance among males: The influence and the hypothesized mechanism of mass media
WANG Yuhui1; LYU Zhenyong1; CHEN Hong1,2; WU Shuangshuang1; XIAO Zilun1
(1 School of Psychology, Southwest University; 2 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Southwest University),
Ministry of Education, Chongqing, 400715, China)
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Abstract  

Recently, body image disturbances are growing prevalent among males, and the mass media has been considered as a significant factor that influence how people feel and think about their bodies. Recent research has demonstrated the negative effects of media on the cognition, feelings (or emotion) and behaviors of males. Based on the sociocultural theory, researchers developed the tripartite influence model to explain the underlying mechanisms of the media influence on males’ body image (Thompson, Heinberg, Altabe, & Tantleff-Dunn, 1999). In this model, three influences (peers, parents, and media) are thought to have a direct effect on body image dissatisfaction as well as indirect effects through two mediational processes: appearance comparison and internalization of ultra-thin and muscular body ideals for women and men, respectively. Future research is needed to assess generalization to diverse samples, combine experimental manipulations with longitudinal study, consider the influence of other variables, enrich and expand the tripartite influence model, and use neuroimaging technology to investigate neural mechanism. In addition, research about prevention and intervention is also needed to reduce the body image disturbance among males.

Keywords body image among males      mass media      the tripartite influence model     
Corresponding Authors: CHEN Hong, E-mail: chenhg@swu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 February 2016
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WANG Yuhui
LYU Zhenyong
CHEN Hong
WU Shuangshuang
XIAO Zilun
Cite this article:   
WANG Yuhui,LYU Zhenyong,CHEN Hong, et al. Body image disturbance among males: The influence and the hypothesized mechanism of mass media[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(2): 282-292.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00282     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I2/282
[1] Miao Danmin;Zhu Xia. Concept and Research of Information Trauma on Psychological Warfare[J]. , 2006, 14(02): 190-.
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